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See also: and
U+4E5C, 乜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E5C

[U+4E5B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 5, +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 心弓 (PN) or 心尸 (PS) or X心弓 (XPN), four-corner 47712, composition or ⿻𠃌)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 49, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4E5C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Compare Zhuang maz (what).

Pronunciation 1Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Cantonese, Teochew) what
    [Cantonese]  ―  Jiu3 di1 mat1? [Jyutping]  ―  What do you want?
    / [Teochew]  ―  Ain3 mih4 gai5? [Peng'im]  ―  What do you want?
  2. (Cantonese) anything; everything
    [Cantonese]  ―  mat1 dou1 dak1 [Jyutping]  ―  anything goes
  3. (Cantonese) why; how come
    [Cantonese]  ―  Mat1 nei5 gam3 so4 gaa3? [Jyutping]  ―  How come you're so stupid?
  4. (Cantonese) Used at the beginning of a question to give a rhetorical effect.
    食飯 [Cantonese, trad.]
    食饭 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Mat1 nei5 mei6 sik6 faan6 gaa4? [Jyutping]
    So you haven't eaten yet?
    消息 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Mat1 zung6 mei6 jau5 keoi5 ge3 siu1 sik1 me1? [Jyutping]
    So we still don't have any news about him?
  5. (dialectal Mandarin) that
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 什麼 (“what”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 什麼
Mandarin Beijing 什麼, 嗎兒
Taiwan 什麼
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang 什麼,
Jinan 麼兒, , 什麼
Muping , 麼個
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou , 啥子
Yinchuan
Ürümqi
Wuhan 麼事
Chengdu , 啥子
Guiyang 哪樣
Liuzhou 什嗎
Kunming 什麼
Nanjing 什麼
Hefei 哄個
Nantong 甚呢
Cantonese Guangzhou , 乜嘢, 乜嘢嘢, , 咩嘢
Hong Kong , 乜嘢, 乜嘢嘢, , 咩嘢
Taishan
Dongguan , 乜嘢
Yangjiang , 乜嘢
Gan Nanchang 什哩
Lichuan 什仔
Pingxiang 咋個
Hakka Meixian 麼個
Xingning 麼個
Huidong (Daling) 麼個
Qujiang 麼個
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 麼個
Changting 麼個
Pingyu 麼個
Wuping 麼個
Liancheng 麼個
Yudu 子個
Ruijin , 唔幾
Shicheng 什麼
Shangyou 哪個, 哪項, 個哪
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼個
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼個
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼個
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼個
Hsinchu (Raoping) 麼個
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼個
Huizhou Jixi 麼仂
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰事, 孰麼
Min Dong Fuzhou 什乇, 什名, 什乇名, 面乇名
Matsu 什乇
Min Nan Xiamen 什物, 啥物, 啥貨
Quanzhou 什物, 啥物,
Zhangzhou 哪貨仔, 哪貨, 哪仔, 哪物仔, 哪物, 什物, 啥物, 啥貨
Taipei 啥貨, 啥物,
Kaohsiung , 啥貨, 啥物
Tainan 啥物, 啥貨
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang 啥物, 啥貨
Sanxia
Yilan 啥貨
Kinmen 啥貨, 啥物, 物代
Magong 啥貨, 物代
Penang 何物
Singapore 什物
Philippines (Manila) 啥物
Medan 何物
Chaozhou 乜個,
Haikou , 個乜
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning , 哪門
Wu Shanghai , 啥個
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 何呢
Chongming
Danyang 點高
Jinhua ,
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 麼子
Shuangfeng 麼子
Loudi 麼子
Dialectal synonyms of 為什麼 (“why”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 為何, 何以, , 緣何, , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 為何, 因何, 為什麼
Mandarin Beijing 為什麼
Taiwan 為什麼
Tianjin 為嘛
Harbin 為啥
Jinan 為麼
Muping 為麼, 為麼個
Xi'an 為啥
Xining 為啥
Xuzhou 為啥, 擁啥, 擁什麼
Yinchuan 為啥
Lanzhou 為啥
Ürümqi 為啥
Wuhan 做麼事, 為麼事
Chengdu 為啥子
Guiyang 為哪樣, 為些哪樣
Liuzhou 為什嗎
Yangzhou 甚們事, 做事, 為甚們 formal
Nanjing 為什麼
Cantonese Guangzhou 點解, 做乜, 做乜嘢, 為乜, 為乜為物, 做乜事幹, 因乜事幹, 因乜解究, 因乜緣故, 何解, ,
Hong Kong 點解, 做乜, 做乜嘢, 做咩, 為乜, 為咩, 做乜事幹, 因乜事幹, 因乜解究, 因乜緣故, 何解, ,
Foshan 點解
Shunde 為乜嘢
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 為乜嘢
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 點解
Doumen 點解
Taishan 幾好, 幾解, 做乜, 為乜, 乜頭路
Kaiping (Chikan) 幾解
Dongguan 點解, 做乜嘢, 做乜, 為乜嘢
Gan Nanchang 為什哩
Pingxiang 為咋個, 為咋哩, 做咋個, 做咋哩, 何解
Hakka Meixian 做麼個
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 做麼個
Liudui (S. Sixian) 做麼個
Hsinchu (Hailu) 做麼個
Dongshi (Dabu) 做麼個
Hsinchu (Raoping) 做麼個
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 做麼個
Jin Taiyuan 為甚, 因為甚
Xinzhou 𠰻們
Min Bei Jian'ou 做孰事
Min Dong Fuzhou 蔣其, 蔣講, 做什乇, 做什名, 幹乜勢, 快勢
Matsu 為什乇, 蔣其, 蔣講, 做什乇, 快勢
Min Nan Xiamen 為甚物, 按怎, 物代
Quanzhou 按怎, 物代
Zhangzhou 按怎
Taipei 為啥物, 是按怎
Penang 何物事, 做物事, 做物
Philippines (Manila) 敢若, 為啥物
Chaozhou 做呢
Haikou 作乜, 作個乜, 作乜物, 因乜, 因個乜
Leizhou 做乜, 因乜
Pinghua Nanning 做門, 做哪門, 為哪門
Wu Shanghai 啥體, 為啥, 啥講究, 啥個講究, 啥個路道, 啥個緣故
Suzhou 為啥, 為點啥
Hangzhou 為啥
Wenzhou 妝乜, 為乜事幹
Chongming 為何, 做何
Danyang 為點高, 做點高
Jinhua 為淡事幹, 為待西
Xiang Changsha 為麼子, 何解
Loudi 嗎介

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/miaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miaX/
Li
Rong
/miaX/
Wang
Li
/mĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miě
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9114
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mjaːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to narrow one's eyes and squint

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​, listed 126th in the Baijiaxing.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to squint

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 사팔뜨기 (sapaltteugi mya))

  1. (offensive, derogatory, vulgar) a cross-eyed, squint-eyed person

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: khiết[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit