Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – a figure with crossed legs: mix, cross, exchange. Figure originally similar to , crossed legs later simplified to current form.

In current form, resembles  +  or  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜金大 (YCK), four-corner 00408, composition)

  1. mix
  2. intersect
  3. exchange, communicate
  4. deliver

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 291
  • Dae Jaweon: page 185, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 282, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4EA4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kau/
Wang
Li
/kau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤraw/
English cross (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6296
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːw/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hand over
    功課 / 功课 [Cantonese]  ―  gaau1 gung1 fo3 [Jyutping]  ―  to turn in homework
  2. to deliver
  3. to intersect; to cross

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to intersect
  2. to keep company with; to mix with
  3. to cross

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giao)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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