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See also: 𝌕
U+4EA4, 交
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA4

[U+4EA3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EA5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 8, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜金大 (YCK), four-corner 00408, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 291
  • Dae Jaweon: page 185, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 282, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4EA4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*keːws, *kreːwʔ
*pʰreːws
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *kreːws
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw, *qʰreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːws
*kʰreːw
*kʰreːw
*kʰraːw
*ŋɡreːwʔ
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*qeːws
*pqreːwɢ

Pictogram (象形) – a human with crossed legs.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kau - literary;
  • ka - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kau/
Wang
Li
/kau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤraw/
English cross (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6296
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːw/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to intersect; to cross
  2. to hand over; to turn in; to submit
    功課 / 功课 [Cantonese]  ―  gaau1 gung1 fo3 [Jyutping]  ―  to turn in homework
  3. to make (friends)
    朋友  ―  jiāopéngyǒu  ―  to make a friend
    男朋友  ―  jiāonánpéngyǒu  ―  to get a boyfriend
  4. 16th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "contact"
  5. (obsolete) Alternative form of .
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tumble; fall; leg; foot; lower limb; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to intersect
  2. to keep company with; to mix with
  3. to cross

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune–Reischauer kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giao)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.