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U+4EA5, 亥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA5

[U+4EA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EA6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – an animal; similar origin to and .

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜女竹人 (YVHO), four-corner 00802, composition𠃋丿)

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 292
  • Dae Jaweon: page 186, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 283, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4EA5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𠀅

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xai⁵¹/
Harbin /xai⁵³/
/xai²⁴/
Tianjin /xai⁵³/
Jinan /xɛ²¹/
Qingdao /xɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xai⁴²/
Xi'an /xai⁴⁴/
Xining /xɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /xɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /xɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /xai⁵¹/
Wuhan /xai³⁵/
Chengdu /xai¹³/
/xe³¹/
Guiyang /xai²¹³/
Kunming /xæ²¹²/
Nanjing /xae⁴⁴/
Hefei /xe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xæ⁵³/
Hohhot /xɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦe²³/
Suzhou /ɦe̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦe̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦe³⁵/
Hui Shexian /xɛ²²/
Tunxi /xa²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɦai²¹/
Gan Nanchang /hai²¹/
Hakka Meixian /hoi⁵³/
Taoyuan /hoi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔi²²/
Nanning /hɔi²²/
Hong Kong /hɔi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hai²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hai³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəjX/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hài
Middle
Chinese
‹ hojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤəʔ/
English 12th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯːʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. twelfth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
  2. pig () of Chinese zodiac

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From (inoshishi, i, boar)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji I, historical hiragana )

  1. the Boar, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
がい
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (hojX)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana がい, rōmaji Gai)

  1. the Boar, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hae) (hangeul , revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hợi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.