See also: 什麽, 甚麼, 甚麽, and 什么

Contents

ChineseEdit

tenth (used in fractions) dimi.
trad. (什麼/甚麼/什麽/甚麽) / /
simp. (什么)

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

什麼

  1. (interrogative) what
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Zhè shì shénme?  ―  What is this?
    平時喜歡什麼 [MSC, trad.]
    平时喜欢什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ píngshí xǐhuān zuò shénme? [Pinyin]
    What do you like doing in your spare time?
  2. something; anything; whatever
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ xiǎng chī diǎn shénme ma?  ―  Would you like something to eat?
    什麼知道 / 什么知道  ―  shénme dōu bù zhīdào.  ―  I don't know anything
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shénme yě bù pà.  ―  I'm not afraid of anything.
  3. (when used two time in a sentence) whatever
    可以什麼什麼 [MSC, trad.]
    可以什么什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā kěyǐ xiǎng zuò shénme jiù zuò shénme. [Pinyin]
    He can do whatever he wants.
  4. (used to express surprise or anger) what
    什麼事兒 / 什么事儿  ―  Gàn de shì shénme shìr!  ―  What a thing to do!
  5. (used before an enumeration) thing like; such as; and so on; and what not
  6. (used to express disapproval, disagreement)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 什麼 (“what”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 什麼
Mandarin Beijing 什麼
Taiwan 什麼
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang 什麼
Jinan 麼兒什麼
Muping 麼個
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou 啥子
Yinchuan
Ürümqi
Wuhan 麼事
Chengdu 啥子
Guiyang 哪樣
Liuzhou 什嗎
Kunming 什麼
Nanjing 什麼
Hefei 哄個
Nantong 甚呢
Cantonese Guangzhou 乜嘢乜嘢嘢咩嘢
Hong Kong 乜嘢乜嘢嘢咩嘢
Dongguan 乜嘢
Taishan
Yangjiang 乜嘢
Gan Nanchang 什哩
Lichuan 什仔
Pingxiang 咋個
Hakka Meixian 麼個
Xingning 麼個
Huidong (Huizhou) 麼個
Qujiang 麼個
Xiaosanjiang 麼個
Changting 麼個
Pingyu 麼個
Wuping 麼個
Liancheng 麼個
Yudu 子個
Ruijin 唔幾
Shicheng 什麼
Shangyou 哪項口哪
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼個
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼個
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼個
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼個
Zhuolan (Raoping) 麼個
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼個
Hui Jixi 麼仂
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰事孰麼
Min Dong Fuzhou 什乇
Min Nan Xiamen 什物啥物啥貨
Quanzhou 什物啥物
Zhangzhou 什物啥物啥貨
Taipei 啥貨啥物
Kaohsiung 啥貨啥物
Tainan 啥物啥貨
Taichung
Yilan 啥貨
Lukang 啥物啥貨
Sanxia
Kinmen 啥貨物代
Magong 啥貨物代
Hsinchu
Malaysia 啥物
Chaozhou 乜個
Haikou 個乜
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning 哪門
Wu Shanghai 啥個
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 何呢
Chongming
Danyang 點高
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 麼子
Shuangfeng 麼子
Loudi 麼子

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
いん
Hyōgaiji

Hyōgaiji
Irregular

EtymologyEdit

From spoken Middle Chinese 恁麼(nyimX muɑ, what?, archaic, literally think + something tiny and insignificant).[1] The spelling shifted to include the Chinese synonym 什麼 (modern Mandarin reading of shénme), while keeping the inmo reading for 恁麼, instead of the expected shūma reading for 什麼.

Imported into Japanese by Zen monks who had studied in China.[1] Generally restricted to use by Zen practitioners.[2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ĩmmo̞]

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

什麼 ‎(hiragana いんも, romaji inmo)

  1. (rare) what

Usage notesEdit

Generally followed by the possessive particle (no) and used as an adnominal, with a meaning of what kind of.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9