什麼

Contents

ChineseEdit

tenth (used in fractions) dimi.
trad. (什麼/甚麼/什麽/甚麽) / /
simp. (什么)

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

什麼

  1. (interrogative) what
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Zhè shì shénme?  ―  What is this?
    平時喜歡什麼 / 平时喜欢什么  ―  Nǐ píngshí xǐhuān zuò shénme?  ―  What do you like doing in your spare time?
  2. something; anything; whatever
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ xiǎng chī diǎn shénme ma?  ―  Would you like something to eat?
    什麼知道 / 什么知道  ―  shénme dōu bù zhīdào.  ―  I don't know anything
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shénme yě bù pà.  ―  I'm not afraid of anything.
  3. (when used two time in a sentence) whatever
    可以什麼什麼 [MSC, trad.]
    可以什么什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā kěyǐ xiǎng zuò shénme jiù zuò shénme. [Pinyin]
    He can do whatever he wants.
  4. (used to express surprise or anger) what
    什麼事兒 / 什么事儿  ―  Gàn de shì shénme shìr!  ―  What a thing to do!
  5. (used before an enumeration) thing like; such as; and so on; and what not
  6. (used to express disapproval, disagreement)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 什麼 ("what")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 什麼
Chengdu 啥子
Xi'an
Hefei 哄個
Wuhan 麼事
Jinan 麼兒什麼
Yangzhou 什們
Tianjin
Cantonese Taishan
Yangjiang 乜嘢
Guangzhou 乜嘢
Hong Kong 乜嘢咩嘢
Gan Nanchang 什哩
Hakka Meixian 乜個
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰事孰麼
Min Dong Fuzhou 什乇
Min Nan Chaozhou 乜個
Taipei 啥物啥貨
Xiamen 什物啥物啥貨
Wu Wenzhou 何呢
Shanghai
Suzhou
Xiang Shuangfeng 麼子
Changsha 麼子

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
いん
Hyōgaiji

Hyōgaiji
Irregular

EtymologyEdit

From spoken Middle Chinese 恁麼 ‎(nyimX muɑ, what?, archaic, literally think + something tiny and insignificant).[1] The spelling shifted to include the Chinese synonym 什麼 (modern Mandarin reading of shénme), while keeping the inmo reading for 恁麼, instead of the expected shūma reading for 什麼.

Imported into Japanese by Zen monks who had studied in China.[1] Generally restricted to use by Zen practitioners.[2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ĩmmo̞]

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

什麼 ‎(hiragana いんも, romaji inmo)

  1. (rare) what

Usage notesEdit

Generally followed by the possessive particle ‎(no) and used as an adnominal, with a meaning of what kind of.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
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