U+4EE5, 以
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EE5

[U+4EE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EE6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女戈人 (VIO), four-corner 28100, composition𠄌)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 105, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4EE5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯʔ
*ljɯʔ
*ljɯʔ
*ljɯʔ
*lɯʔ
*lɯʔ
*lɯʔ

Originally , a deformed version of (). is a further deformation of with the addition of (“person”) on the right side.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨX/
Li
Rong
/iəX/
Wang
Li
/jĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ləʔ/
English take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. by; with; by means of
  2. according to
  3. so as to; in order to
  4. because
  5. to use
  6. Short for 以色列 (Yǐsèliè, “Israel”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(i) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit