Last modified on 6 February 2015, at 00:28

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
以-bw.png
Stroke order
以-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Originally , a deformed version of . 以 is a further deformation of 厶 with the addition of "person" on the right side.

以 以 以 以
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女戈人 (VIO), four-corner 28100)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 105, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4EE5

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (以), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 羊己切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨX/ /iX/ /iəX/ /jɨX/ /jɨX/ /jĭəX/ /ieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yiX › /*ləʔ/ take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14929 0 /*lɯʔ/

DefintionsEdit

  1. according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because
  2. to use
  3. Abbreviation of 以色列.

CompoundsEdit

PhrasesEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. compared to
  2. than
  3. by means of
  4. because
  5. in view of
  6. compared with

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(i) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer i)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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ReferencesEdit