U+4F0F, 伏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F0F

[U+4F0E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F10]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人戈大 (OIK), four-corner 23234, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 95, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 202, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 119, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F0F

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (person) + (dog) – meaning “prostrate”.

  • A dog at the side of a person.
  • A person adopting the position of a dog.

Etymology 1

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Pronunciation 1

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Note:
  • buk6 - vernacular;
  • fuk6 - literary.
Note:
  • hog4 - literary;
  • pag4 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter bjuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwk̚/
Li
Rong
/biuk̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fuk6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ək/
English lie prostrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯɡ/
Definitions
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  1. to lie prostrate
  2. to crouch; to crawl
  3. to ambush; to lie hidden
  4. to hide; to conceal
  5. to surrender; to yield
  6. to accept; to submit; to bear; to endure
  7. to subdue
  8. to go down; to fall down
  9. to remain; to wait for
  10. to remove
  11. residence
  12. hottest days of summer
  13. (Hong Kong Cantonese) below expectation; worse than anticipated; trappy
    Synonym: (léi) (Mandarin)
  14. (obsolete) horizontal wooden bar in front of a carriage chair
  15. Short for 伏特 (fútè, “volt”).
  16. Alternative form of
  17. a surname: Fu

Synonyms

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  • (to hide):
  • (hottest days of summer): 伏天 (fútiān)

Compounds

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Pronunciation 2

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter bjuwH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwH/
Li
Rong
/biuH/
Wang
Li
/bĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fau6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ək-s/
English hatch (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3331
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯɡs/
Definitions
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  1. (archaic or dialectal) to hatch
    小雞小鸡 [Shanghainese]  ―  6bu 5shiau-ci [Wugniu]  ―  to hatch chicks

Compounds

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Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to return; to recover; to resume; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Etymology 3

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to carry; to bear; to rely on; to load; to burden; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Etymology 4

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character is the second-round simplified form of ).
Notes:

Etymology 5

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character is the second-round simplified form of ).
Notes:

Japanese

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Kanji

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(Jōyō kanji)

  1. prostrated
  2. bend down
  3. bow
  4. cover
  5. lay pipes

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 엎드릴 (eopdeuril bok))

  1. hanja form? of (crouch, crawl, lie hidden, conceal)

(eumhun 안을 (aneul bu))

  1. hanja form? of (embrace, hold something in one's arms)

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: phục

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.