See also:
U+4F34, 伴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F34

[U+4F33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F35]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人火手 (OFQ), four-corner 29250, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 96, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 139, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baːnʔ, *baːns): semantic + phonetic (OC *paːns).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • phōaⁿ/phǒaⁿ/pōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • poān/phoǎn/phoān - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /buɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bun6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ banX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[C.b]ˁanʔ/
    English comrade

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 258
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːnʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. companion
    2. to accompany
    3. a surname

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Thai: เพื่อน (pʉ̂ʉan, companion, friend)

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /buɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bun6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 262
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 伴奐伴奂 (pànhuàn, “relaxed; free; unrestrained”).
    2. Alternative form of (pàn, “to rebel”).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1][2]

    伴󠄁
    +&#xE0101;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
     
    伴󠄃
    +&#xE0103;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. consort

    ReadingsEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC buɑnX); compare Mandarin (bàn):

    From Middle Chinese (MC buɑnH); compare Mandarin (pàn):

    From native Japanese roots:

    Proper nounEdit

    (ばん) (Ban

    1. a surname

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015—2022
    2. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 132 (paper), page 116 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC buɑnX). Recorded as Middle Korean 반〯 (pǎn) (Yale: pan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (jjak ban))

    1. Hanja form? of (companion).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: bạn[1][2]
    : Nôm readings: bạn[1][2]

    1. chữ Hán form of bạn (friend).

    ReferencesEdit