U+4F34, 伴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F34

[U+4F33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F35]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人火手 (OFQ), four-corner 29250, composition)

  1. companion, comrade, partner
  2. accompany

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 96, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 139, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːns
*paːns
*paːns
*paːns, *pʰaːns
*pʰaːn, *baːnʔ
*pʰaːn, *brons, *pʰaːn, *puns
*pʰaːnʔ
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*baːn
*baːnʔ, *baːns
*baːns
*baːns
*ban

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (62) (62)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buɑnX/ /buɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷɑnX/ /bʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑnX/ /buɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwanX/ /bwanH/
Li
Rong
/buɑnX/ /buɑnH/
Wang
Li
/buɑnX/ /buɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑnX/ /bʱuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bàn bàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ banX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.b]ˤanʔ/
English comrade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 258 262
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːnʔ/ /*baːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. consort

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana ばん, romaji Ban)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ban) (hangeul , revised ban, McCune-Reischauer pan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bạn)

  1. friend; fellow; comrade

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for friend is bạn.

ReferencesEdit