U+4F46, 但
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F46

[U+4F45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F47]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人日一 (OAM), four-corner 26210, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 97, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 495
  • Dae Jaweon: page 206, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 132, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F46

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns) : semantic + phonetic (OC *taːns).

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(d/t)a(n/j) (single; one; whole; only). Cognate with (OC *taːn, “single”).

Pronunciation

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Note: thán - archaic.
Note:
  • tān - literary;
  • nā - vernacular (limited, e.g. 毋但).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (7) (7) (7)
Final () (61) (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Baxter dan danX danH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑn/ /dɑnX/ /dɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑn/ /dɑnX/ /dɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑn/ /dɑnX/ /dɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dan/ /danX/ /danH/
Li
Rong
/dɑn/ /dɑnX/ /dɑnH/
Wang
Li
/dɑn/ /dɑnX/ /dɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑn/ /dʱɑnX/ /dʱɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tán dàn dàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
taan4 daan6 daan6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ danX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁa[n]ʔ/
English only

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 2060 2067 2072
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːn/ /*daːnʔ/ /*daːns/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. only
      ―  dàn qiú  ―  to only hope
  2. but; however; yet; still
      ―  dànshì  ―  but
    情況少見不是不會發生 [MSC, trad.]
    情况少见不是不会发生 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè zhǒng qíngkuàng hěn shàojiàn, dàn yě bùshì bùhuì fāshēng. [Pinyin]
    This type of situation is rare, but it may still happen.
  3. a surname
  4. (Protestantism) Dan

Synonyms

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  • (Dan): (Catholicism) (dān)

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(Jōyō kanji)

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
ただ
Grade: S
kun'yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ただ
[adverb] , , : merely, commonly, simply, only
[conjunction] , , : but, however, although, except that
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Proper noun

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(ただし) or (たゞし) (Tadashi

  1. a male given name

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 다만 (daman dan))

  1. Hanja form? of (only).
  2. Hanja form? of (but, however, yet, still).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: đãn[1][2], đán
: Nôm readings: giản[3], đản[3], đởn[4]

  1. (literary) only
  2. (literary) but, however

References

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