U+4F50, 佐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F50

[U+4F4F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F51]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人大一 (OKM), four-corner 24211, composition)

  1. assist, aid, second
  2. subordinate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 506
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4F50

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls
*ʔsaːls
*ʔslaːls
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sʰlaːlʔ
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sraːl, *ʔsraːls
*sʰlaːl, *slaːl
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *sʰreːls
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *ʔslɯl
*zlaːl, *sʰraːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral, *zral
*slaːlʔ, *sʰral, *sʰlaːɡ
*slaːlʔ
*ʔsljal
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːls, *sʰral
*sʰraːl
*zraːl, *zraːlʔ
*zlals

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡saH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˤarʔ-s/ (dialect: *-r > *-j)
English aid, assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 18005
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. aid
  2. help

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jwa) (hangeul , revised jwa, McCune-Reischauer chwa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, tớ, huy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit