Open main menu

Contents

ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(侏儒)
variant forms 朱儒 obsolete
𫾭需 obsolete
侏𠍶 ancient
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

EtymologyEdit

Possibly cognate with 蜘蛛 (OC *te to, “spider”), per the dialectal dictionary Fangyan (1st century CE):

鼅鼄鼄蝥西之間鼄蝥鼅鼄蠾蝓蠾蝓侏儒北燕朝鮮洌水之間蝳蜍 [Classical Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
鼅鼄鼄蝥西之间鼄蝥鼅鼄蠾蝓蠾蝓侏儒北燕朝鲜洌水之间蝳蜍 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Yang Xiong, Fangyan, circa 1st century BCE
Zhīzhū, zhūmáo yě. Zì Guān ér xī, Qín Jìn zhījiān wèi zhī zhūmáo. Zì Guān ér dōng, Zhào Wèi zhī jiāo wèi zhī zhīzhū, huò wèi zhī zhúyú, zhúyú zhě zhūrú yǔ zhī zhuǎn yě. Běiyàn Cháoxiān Lièshuǐ zhījiān, wèi zhī dúchú. [Pinyin]
Te to”, spider; also called “to mo”. To the west of Hangu Pass, in the Qin and Jin regions, it is called “to mo”. To the east of the Pass, in the Zhao and Wei regions, it is called “te to”, or “to lo”. The latter is an alternation of the word “to no” (“dwarf”). In the Northern Yan, Korea, and Lie River regions, it is called “to la”.

Compare the derivation of English midget from midge.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (23) (38)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨo/ /ȵɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕio/ /ȵio/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕio/ /ȵʑio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆/ /ȵuə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕio/ /ȵio/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭu/ /ȵʑĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯u/ /ȵʑi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhū
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyu › ‹ nyu ›
Old
Chinese
/*to/ /*no/
English 侏儒 zhūrú "dwarf" 侏儒 zhūrú "dwarf", scholar, Confucianism
(not in original list)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 17570 13969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjo/ /*njo/

NounEdit

侏儒

  1. dwarf; pygmy; midget
  2. (literary) minor; child
  3. (literary, historical) dwarf who acts as an entertainer or musician for the officials
  4. (literary, figuratively) one who caters to the officials and is in their favour
  5. (literary, obsolete) (alt. form 株檽) short column on the beam
  6. (literary, obsolete) spider

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 蜘蛛 (“spider”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蜘蛛, 鼄蝥 QJ, 蠾蝓 ZW, 蝳蜍 NY, 社公 Q
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蜘蛛
Taxonomic name 蜘蛛
Mandarin Beijing 蛛蛛
Taiwan 蜘蛛
Harbin 蜘蛛兒, 蛛蛛兒
Shenyang 癩癩蛛
Hailar 蛛蛛
Ulanhot 蛛蛛
Tongliao 蛛蛛
Chifeng 蛛蛛
Bayanhot 蛛蛛
Jinan 阿郎蛛子, 阿郎蛛, 蜘蛛
Muping 老老蛛, 賴賴蛛
Luoyang 蛛蛛
Wanrong 蛛蛛
Xi'an 蛛蛛
Zhengzhou 蛛蛛
Xining 蛛蛛
Xuzhou 羅蛛子, 羅羅蛛子
Yinchuan 蟢里蛛蛛
Lanzhou 蛛蛛
Ürümqi 蛛蛛
Wuhan 蜘蛛
Chengdu 蜘蛛, 蜇蛛
Guiyang 蝃蛛
Guilin 蜘蛛
Liuzhou 蜘蛛
Kunming 蜘蛛
Yangzhou 蜘蛛
Nanjing 蜘蛛
Hefei 蜘蛛
Nantong 蟢蟢, 蟢蟢兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 蜘蛛, 蠄蟧
Hong Kong 蠄蟧, 蜘蛛
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 蠄蟧
Foshan 蜘蛛, 蠄蟧
Shunde 蠄蟧
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 蠄蟧
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 蠄蟧
Taishan 蠄蟧
Kaiping (Chikan) 蠄蟧
Dongguan 蠄蟧
Shaoguan 蠄蟧
Yunfu 蠄蟧
Yangjiang 蠄蟧
Xinyi 蠄蟧
Lianjiang 蠄蟧
Nanning 蜘蛛, 蠄蟧
Wuzhou 蜘蛛, 蠄蟧
Kuala Lumpur 蜘蛛
Gan Nanchang 蝃蛛, 蝃蛛子
Lichuan 庖繅
Pingxiang 織蛛
Hakka Meixian 蝲䗁
Xingning 蝲䗁
Huidong (Daling) 蝲䗁
Qujiang 蝲䗁
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 蝲䗁
Luchuan 蝲䗁
Changting 蝲䗁
Pingyu 蝲䗁
Wuping 蝲䗁
Liancheng 奇肖
Ninghua 奇肖子
Yudu 斜佬
Ruijin 斜佬
Shicheng 奇肖
Shangyou 蝲䗁
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蝲䗁, 蜘蛛
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蝲䗁, 蜘蛛
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝲䗁, 蜘蛛
Dongshi (Dabu) 蜘蛛, 蝲䗁
Hsinchu (Raoping) 蝲䗁, 蜘蛛
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蜘蛛, 蝲䗁
Hong Kong 蝲䗁
Sabah 蝲䗁
Senai 蝲䗁
Singkawang 蜘蛛, 蝲䗁
Huizhou Jixi 蛛蛛
Shexian 蛛蛛
Tunxi 蛛蛛, 蜘蛛
Jin Taiyuan 蛛蛛
Pingyao 蛛蛛
Xinzhou 羅螞蛛蛛, 蟢蛛蛛
Baochang 狼螞蛛蛛
Jining 蜘蛛
Hohhot 羅螞蛛蛛
Baotou 蜘蛛
Dongsheng 蜘蛛
Linhe 羅螞蛛蛛
Haibowan 蜘蛛
Min Bei Jian'ou 吊蛛
Zhenqian 天蛛
Wuyishan 蜘蛛仔
Shibei 糴蛛仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 蜘蛛
Changle 馬兜爺
Fuqing 蜘蛛
Gutian 蟢囝
Ningde 蟢囝
Fuding 飛絲
Min Nan Xiamen 蜘蛛
Quanzhou 蜘蛛
Zhangzhou 蜘蛛
Taipei 蜘蛛
Kaohsiung 蜘蛛
Tainan 蜘蛛
Taichung 蜘蛛
Wuqi 蜘蛛
Hsinchu 蜘蛛
Taitung 蜘蛛
Lukang 蜘蛛
Yilan 蜘蛛
Kinmen 蜘蛛
Magong 經蛛, 蜘蛛
Penang 蜘蛛
Singapore 蜘蛛
Philippines (Manila) 蜘蛛
Chaozhou 蜘蛛
Shantou 蜘蛛
Haifeng 蜘蛛
Johor Bahru 蜘蛛
Wenchang 紅蜈
Haikou 龍牙古
Leizhou 𧑃蚜
Puxian Min Putian 八臘爺
Xianyou 八臘爺
Pinghua Nanning 爪揸, 蛛蛛
Guilin 飛絲
Wu Shanghai 蜘蛛, 結蛛
Suzhou 結蛛, 蜘蛛
Wuxi 蜘蛛
Hangzhou 結蛛, 蜘蛛
Wenzhou 絲網蜘蛛
Chongming 結蛛
Danyang 蜘蛛
Jinhua , 八腳蟢, 蜘蛛
Ningbo 蛛蛛, 結蛛
Xiang Changsha 蜘蛛子, 蜘蛛
Loudi 蜘蛛子, 蜘蛛
Quanzhou 剝絲
Note QJ - between ancient Qin and Jin
ZW - in the vicinity of ancient Zhao and Wei
NY - between Northern Yan, Korea and Lieshui
Q - ancient Qi

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (侏儒):

AdjectiveEdit

侏儒

  1. (literary) dwarfish; short in stature
  2. (literary) short in stature (due to young age); little

VerbEdit

侏儒

  1. (literary, figuratively) to be discontented with unfair treatment

Proper nounEdit

侏儒

  1. (街道) Zhuru (a subdistrict of Caidian, Wuhan, Hubei, China)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Hyōgaiji
じゅ
Grade: S
on’yomi

NounEdit

侏儒 (hiragana しゅじゅ, rōmaji shuju)

  1. dwarf

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

侏儒 (juyu) (hangeul 주유)

  1. Hanja form? of 주유 (dwarf).