U+4F9B, 供
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F9B

[U+4F9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F9C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

From person (who gives you something) and phonetic . Meaning to supply.

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs, *ɡloːŋs
*qʰloːŋ, *qʰloːŋs, *ɡoːŋ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋʔ
*kloŋ, *ɡloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *kloɡ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*ɡloŋ
*kloɡ

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人廿金 (OTC), four-corner 24281, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 102, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 605
  • Dae Jaweon: page 216, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 144, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (7) (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋ/ /kɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋ/ /kioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋ/ /kioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋ/ /kuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/kioŋ/ /kioŋH/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋ/ /kĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋ/ /ki̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiōng jiòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*k<r>oŋ/
English furnish; serve, offer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4167 4178
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloŋ/ /*kloŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to supply, provide for
  2. to offer in worship

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cung, cúng, củng, cũng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit