U+5012, 倒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5012

[U+5011]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5013]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人一土弓 (OMGN), four-corner 22200, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 107, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 767
  • Dae Jaweon: page 229, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 174, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5012

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw, *moːɡ
*tuːw, *l̥ʰaːw
*taːwʔ, *taːws
*taːws
*taːws, *rtaːwɢ
*deːw
*rteːw, *teːw
*hreːw
*sdew, *tjewʔ
*tʰew
*tʰew, *tʰjew
*tʰew
*dews, *djews
*tjew
*tjew
*tjew
*tjewʔ
*tjews
*tjews
*tjews
*tʰjew, *tʰjewʔ
*tʰjewʔ
*djew
*djew, *djewʔ
*djew, *lew
*djew
*djew
*djewʔ
*djewʔ
*djewʔ
*djews
*djews
*djews
*teːw
*teːw, *deːw
*teːw
*teːw
*deːw
*deːw
*deːw
*deːw

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːwʔ, *taːws): semantic  + phonetic (OC *taːws).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawX/
Li
Rong
/tɑuX/
Wang
Li
/tɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤawʔ/
English turn upside down (v.i.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2114
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːwʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to fall; to fall over; to fall down
  2. to collapse; to fall in
  3. to lie down; to recline
  4. to fail; to be on the decline
  5. to be damaged; to malfunction
  6. to go bankrupt; to close down
  7. to sell out; to sell up; to give up for money
  8. to buy and resell for a profit
  9. to stop; to discontinue
  10. to move; to move around
  11. to change; to switch over
  12. (Cantonese) to pour out; to tip; to dump
  13. (neologism, slang) to be astonished (to the extent that one feels dizzy and falls); to be left speechless

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawH/
Li
Rong
/tɑuH/
Wang
Li
/tɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dào
Middle
Chinese
‹ tawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤawʔ-s/
English turn over, invert; pour

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2116
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːws/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to put upside down; to invert; to be inverted
  2. to reverse; to move backwards; to turn back
  3. upside down; inverted; flipped; reversed
  4. to pour out; to dump; to empty
    垃圾  ―  dào lājī  ―  to take out the trash
  5. to cast; to mould
  6. contrary to expectation; conversely; on the contrary; instead
  7. particle indicating contrast; but; however
  8. particle used after a ‹verb + › structure to indicate it is contrary to the actual situation, implying blame; then
  9. particle used in a subordinate clause at the beginning of a sentence to indicate concession; quite
  10. particle used in an imperative sentence to indicate impatience
  11. particle used to soften the tone

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. overthrow

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune-Reischauer to)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đảo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.