U+5026, 倦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5026

[U+5025]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5027]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人火手山 (OFQU), four-corner 29212, composition (GTKV) or ⿰ (J))

  1. be tired of, weary

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 108, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 788
  • Dae Jaweon: page 231, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 183, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5026

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Chu form Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrons): semantic (person) + phonetic (); Small Seal Script form Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrons): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *ɡron, *kronʔ, *krons, *ɡonʔ)

EtymologyEdit

Compare Tibetan ཀྱོར་ཀྱོར (kyor kyor, weak; feeble), Tibetan ཁྱོར་བ (khyor ba, to stumble; to move totteringly), Tibetan འཁྱོར་བ ('khyor ba, to stagger, to reel) (Bodman, 1980). Cognate with (OC *koːnʔ, *koːns, “exhausted”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕyan⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕyan⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕyan⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕyã²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕyã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕyan³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕyã⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕyã²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕyan¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕyɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyan²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕyɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕyan¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyen⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕyĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕye⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕye̞³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕye⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑyø²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiø³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷõ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑy²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyẽ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕyẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕyẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰian³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kyn²²/
Nanning /kyn²²/
Hong Kong /kyn²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuan²²/
/uã²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡʷᵚiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gwianH/
Li
Rong
/ɡjuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
juàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gyun6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7199
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrons/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tired; weary
      ―  juàn  ―  exhausted; fatigued
    /   ―  yànjuàn  ―  fed up; bored

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. in fatigue
  2. languor
  3. grow weary of, lose interest in

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɡˠiuᴇnH).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [kwʌ̹(ː)n]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 게으를 (geeureul gwon))

  1. Hanja form? of (languor).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: quyện, cuộn

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