See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *run): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *run)

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人人一月 (OOMB), four-corner 28227, composition)

  1. normal human relationships
  2. ethics

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 109, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 793
  • Dae Jaweon: page 232, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 181, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+502B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luən³⁵/
Harbin /luən²⁴/
Tianjin /luən⁴⁵/
Jinan /luẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /luə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luən⁴²/
Xi'an /lyẽ²⁴/
Xining /lyə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /nən³¹/
Guiyang /len²¹/
Kunming /luə̃³¹/
Nanjing /lun²⁴/
Hefei /lən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ləŋ²³/
Suzhou /lən¹³/
Hangzhou /len²¹³/
Wenzhou /laŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /lən¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lun¹¹/
Taoyuan /lin⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /løn²¹/
Nanning /lɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /løn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwin/
Li
Rong
/liuĕn/
Wang
Li
/lĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lún
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]u[n]/
English relationship; order; category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8661
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*run/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana りん, romaji Rin)

  1. A male given name

CompoundsEdit

  • 倫敦 ‎(ろんどん, rondon)
  • 絶倫 ‎(ぜつりん, zetsurin)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryun) (hangeul , revised ryun, McCune-Reischauer ryun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(luân, luồn, lùn, lụm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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