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U+5043, 偃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5043

[U+5042]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5044]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人尸日女 (OSAV), four-corner 21214, composition)

  1. cease, lay off, lay down

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 109, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 830
  • Dae Jaweon: page 233, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 187, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5043

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qrens, *qanʔ, *qans
*qrens, *qeːnʔ
*qeːnʔ, *qeːns
*qeːnʔ, *qanʔ
*qanʔ
*qanʔ, *qans
*qanʔ
*qanʔ, *qans
*qanʔ
*qanʔ
*qanʔ
*qreːd

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (65)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨɐnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɐnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɐnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨanX/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɐnX/
Wang
Li
/ĭɐnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨ̯ɐnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjonX › ‹ ʔjonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔa[n]ʔ/ /*ʔa[n]ʔ/
English bend down Yǎn (ancient state in Shāndōng)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14384
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qanʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. dam
  2. weir

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): えん (en)
  • Kun: ふせる (fuseru), やすむ (yasumu)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eon) (hangeul , revised eon, McCune–Reischauer ŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ễnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.