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See also:
U+5074, 側
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5074

[U+5073]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5075]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人月金弓 (OBCN), four-corner 22200, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 111, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 897
  • Dae Jaweon: page 238, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 189, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5074

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰrɯɡs, *sʰrɯɡ
*ʔsɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ, *zrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*zrɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsrɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsɯːɡ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • cháik - “side”;
  • cáik - “to lean to one side”.
Note:
  • chhiak/chhek - literary;
  • chhak - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
/t͡sai⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/ ~棱子睡
/t͡sʰei²¹/ ~面
Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
/t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/ ~邊
/t͡sʰɛ²¹/ ~起過
Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/ ~楞
/t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/ ~面
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
/t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰe²¹³/
/t͡se²¹³/
/t͡sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
/t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
/sɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂik̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiək̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhe
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrik ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]rək/
English slanting, oblique; side

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16600
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsrɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. side
  2. to lean to one side; to incline; to slant

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Related termsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
がわ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana がわ, rōmaji gawa, historical hiragana がは)

  1. side

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
そば
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana そば, rōmaji soba)

  1. vicinity, near, beside
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かわ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. side

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
はた
Grade: 4
Irregular

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はた, rōmaji hata)

  1. vicinity

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
かたわら
Grade: 4
Irregular

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かたわら, rōmaji katawara, historical hiragana かたはら)

  1. side

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
そく
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Middle Chinese

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

  1. side
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

  1. the first of the Eight Principles of Yong
HypernymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheuk) (hangeul , revised cheuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŭk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trắc, trắt, trặc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.