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See also:
U+5074, 側
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5074

[U+5073]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5075]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人月金弓 (OBCN), four-corner 22200, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 111, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 897
  • Dae Jaweon: page 238, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 189, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5074

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰrɯɡs, *sʰrɯɡ
*ʔsɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ, *zrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*zrɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsrɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsɯːɡ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • cháik - “side”;
  • cáik - “to lean to one side”.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiak/chhek - literary;
    • chhak - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
    /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
    /ʈ͡ʂe⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/ ~棱子睡
    /t͡sʰei²¹/ ~面
    Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sʰə¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
    /t͡se³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/ ~邊
    /t͡sʰɛ²¹/ ~起過
    Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/ ~楞
    /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/ ~面
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰe²¹³/
    /t͡se²¹³/
    /t͡sei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
    /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
    /sɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhe
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]rək/
    English slanting, oblique; side

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16600
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsrɯɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. side
    2. to lean to one side; to incline; to slant

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Related termsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    がわ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がわ, rōmaji gawa, historical hiragana がは)

    1. side

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    そば
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana そば, rōmaji soba)

    1. vicinity, near, beside
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かわ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

    1. side

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はた
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はた, rōmaji hata)

    1. vicinity

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かたわら
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かたわら, rōmaji katawara, historical hiragana かたはら)

    1. side

    Etymology 6Edit

    Kanji in this term
    そく
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

    1. side
    Derived termsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

    1. the first of the Eight Principles of Yong
    HypernymsEdit
    Coordinate termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (cheuk) (hangeul , revised cheuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŭk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (trắc, trắt, trặc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.