ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (傀儡)
simp. #(傀儡)
alternative forms
 
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EtymologyEdit

From (kuài, “chunk, lump”) + (lěi, “to pile up, to accumulate”).

Semantically, “statues made of soil and timber” (Liezi) > “puppet” > “(figurative) puppet” (Qing Dynasty); also “sulks; pent-up sorrow” (Qing Dynasty).

Alternatively, Laufer connects this word with Turkish kukla (puppet), Ancient Greek κούκλα (koúkla, doll, puppet) in Oriental Theatricals.

Pronunciation 1Edit


NounEdit

傀儡

  1. puppet; marionette
  2. (figuratively) puppet; someone who is manipulated by another; pawn; minion
  3. (dialectal Min Dong) child; kid
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


NounEdit

傀儡

  1. (obsolete) sulks; pent-up sorrow

JapaneseEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くぐつ
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
jukujikun

Perhaps cognate with (kugutsu, hand bag). Wandering artisans would put their puppets in hand bags while traveling. Also compare Korean 꼭두 (kkokdu, “phantom”).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

傀儡(くぐつ) (kugutsu

  1. a puppet
  2. (history) Synonym of 傀儡子 (kugutsushi, wandering street puppeteer)
  3. a puppetmaster
    Synonym: 傀儡子 (kugutsushi)
  4. a geisha
    Synonyms: 芸者 (geisha), 芸子 (geiko), 芸妓 (geigi), 傀儡女 (kugutsume)
  5. a prostitute
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:娼婦

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
らい
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

/kwairai/ > /kairai/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(かい)(らい) (kairaiくわいらい (kwairai)?

  1. a puppet
    (かい)(らい)(せい)(けん)
    kairai seiken
    a puppet government
  2. Synonym of 傀儡師 (kairaishi, puppetmaster)

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

傀儡 (goeroe) (hangeul 괴뢰)

  1. Hanja form? of 괴뢰 (puppet).