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TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses . Both forms are encoded under the same codepoint due to Han unification.

EtymologyEdit

Japanese shinjitai form: Simplified from ().

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +12 in Chinese, 人+11 in Japanese, 14 strokes in Chinese, 13 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人金田日 (OCWA), four-corner 28266, composition (GTKV) or ⿰ (J))

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 117, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1076
  • Dae Jaweon: page 248, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 222, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+50E7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsrɯn
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *ʔsɯːŋs
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*sʰɯːŋs
*zɯːŋ
*zɯːŋs
*sɯːŋ
*sɯːŋ
*ʔsɯŋs
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*sʰɯːŋ
*zrɯːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɯːŋ): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ) – a kind of person (a Buddhist monk).

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of of 僧伽 (MC səŋ ɡɨɑ, “sangha; community of monks, nuns, novices and laity”); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chng, cheng - vernacular;
  • sng, seng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /səŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡səŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /səŋ²¹/
    Jinan /səŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /səŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /səŋ²¹/
    Xining /sə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /səŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /sɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /sə̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /sən³¹/
    Hefei /sən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /səŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sen³³/
    Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sən³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sɛn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sɐŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saiŋ⁴⁴/
    /saiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ³³/
    /t͡seŋ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (129)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /səŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /səŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /səŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /səŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /səŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /səŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /səŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16628
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɯːŋ/
    Notes saṁɡha

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Buddhism) monk; bonze
    2. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seung) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer sŭng)

    1. a (Buddhist) priest, bonze

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tăng)

    1. a (Buddhist) priest, bonze