Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

EtymologyEdit

Japanese shinjitai form: Simplified from ().

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 人金田日 (OCWA), four-corner 28266, composition (GTKV) or ⿰ (J))

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 117, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1076
  • Dae Jaweon: page 248, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 222, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+50E7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɯːŋ): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ) – a kind of person (a Buddhist monk).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /səŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡səŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /səŋ²¹/
Jinan /səŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /səŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /səŋ²¹/
Xining /sə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /səŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /sɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /sə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sən³¹/
Hefei /sən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /səŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sen³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sɐŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saiŋ⁴⁴/
/saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ³³/
/t͡seŋ³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/səŋ/
Li
Rong
/səŋ/
Wang
Li
/səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16628
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɯːŋ/
Notes saɡha

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Buddhism) monk; bonze
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seung) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŭng)

  1. a (Buddhist) priest, bonze

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

  1. a (Buddhist) priest, bonze
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