JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ひか
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

⟨pi1karu⟩ → */pʲikaru//ɸikaru//hikaru/

From Old Japanese.

The initial hika- is cognate with ぴかぴか (pikapika, glitteringly, sparklingly).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "光る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
光る [hìkáꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 光れ [hìkáꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive 光られる かられ [hìkáráréꜜrù]
Causative 光らせる からせ [hìkáráséꜜrù]
Potential 光れる かれ [hìkáréꜜrù]
Volitional 光ろう かろ [hìkáróꜜò]
Negative 光らない からない [hìkáráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 光らなかった からなかった [hìkáráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 光ります かりま [hìkárímáꜜsù]
Perfective 光った った [hìkáꜜttà]
Conjunctive 光って って [hìkáꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 光れば れば [hìkáꜜrèbà]

VerbEdit

(ひか) (hikaruintransitive godan (stem (ひか) (hikari), past (ひか)った (hikatta))

  1. to shine, gleam, glitter
    ピカピカ(ひか)
    pikapika hikaru
    to glitter
  2. to shine, stand out, be excellent

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

ProverbsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From stem ひか (pi1ka-, cognate with modern ぴかぴか (pikapika), “glitteringly, sparklingly) +‎ (-ru, verb suffix).

Most likely cognate with (pi1, sun).

VerbEdit

光る (pi1karu) (kana ひかる)

  1. to shine, gleam, glitter

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: 光る (hikaru)

See alsoEdit