See also: , , and
U+516D, 六
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516D

[U+516C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516E]
U+3225, ㈥
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH SIX

[U+3224]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3226]
U+3285, ㊅
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH SIX

[U+3284]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3286]
U+F9D1, 六
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9D1

[U+F9D0]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9D2]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

Translingual

edit
Stroke order
 

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 12, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜金 (YC), four-corner 00800, composition )

Derived characters

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 127, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1453
  • Dae Jaweon: page 280, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 241, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+516D

Chinese

edit
 
The number six in Chinese number gestures

Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
               



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – perhaps a shed. Originally using the similar-sounding word (OC *ra, “shed, cabin”) to represent the concept “six” (Liu Xinglong). Alternatively, it may be an ancient counting symbol.

Etymology 1

edit
simp. and trad.
alternative forms financial
𠫪

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k-ruk (six).

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
Note:
  • la̍k - vernacular;
  • lio̍k - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ljuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwk̚/
Li
Rong
/liuk̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
luk6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liù
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.ruk/
English six

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8341
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruɡ/

Definitions

edit

  1. six
      ―  liù chéng  ―  Six Cities (a literal translation of Altishahr, an ancient name for the region Xinjiang/East Turkestan)
  2. (printing) small text; The size of type between 小五 (xiǎowǔ, “little 5”) and 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”), standardized as 7½ point.
  3. (dialectal) proficient
  4. (neologism, Internet slang) awesome; excellent; remarkable
  5. a surname. (pronounced Lù)
  6. name of an ancient state (pronounced Lù), also found in placenames (e.g., 六安 (Lù'ān) Lu'an, Anhui, China)

See also

edit
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 106 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
, , , , ,
十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
百萬百万,
(Philippines),
面桶 (Philippines)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

Compounds

edit

Descendants

edit
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ろく) (roku)
  • Korean: /(六) (yuk/ryuk)
  • Vietnamese: lục ()

Others:

Etymology 2

edit
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation

edit

Definitions

edit

  1. (music) Kunqu gongche notation for the note sol (5).
  2. (music) Cantonese opera gongche notation for the note sol (5).

Derived terms

edit

References

edit

Japanese

edit
Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal :

Kanji

edit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. six

Readings

edit

Compounds

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

The ablaut form of (mi, three), which it doubles. From Old Japanese (mu), from Proto-Japonic *mu.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

() (mu

  1. six
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
ろく
Grade: 1
goon
Alternative spelling
("used, in law, contexts")

From Middle Chinese (MC ljuwk). Compare modern Cantonese reading luk6.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(ろく) (roku

  1. six
  2. the sixth hole of a wind instrument
Coordinate terms
edit
Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular (れい) (rei)
(ゼロ) (zero)
(いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (よん) (yon)
() (shi)
() (go) (ろく) (roku) (なな) (nana)
(しち) (shichi)
(はち) (hachi) (きゅう) (kyū)
() (ku)
(じゅう) ()
Formal (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (じゅう) ()
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular (きゅう)(じゅう) (kyūjū) (ひゃく) (hyaku)
(いっ)(ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
(さん)(びゃく) (sanbyaku) (ろっ)(ぴゃく) (roppyaku) (はっ)(ぴゃく) (happyaku) (せん) (sen)
(いっ)(せん) (issen)
(さん)(ぜん) (sanzen) (はっ)(せん) (hassen) (いち)(まん) (ichiman) (いち)(おく) (ichioku)
Formal (いち)(まん) (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
(いっ)(ちょう) (itchō) (はっ)(ちょう) (hatchō) (じゅっ)(ちょう) (jutchō) (いっ)(けい) (ikkei) (ろっ)(けい) (rokkei) (はっ)(けい) (hakkei) (じゅっ)(けい) (jukkei) (ひゃっ)(けい) (hyakkei)

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

edit
Korean numbers (edit)
60
 ←  5 6 7  → 
    Native isol.: 여섯 (yeoseot)
    Native attr.: 여섯 (yeoseot), (archaic) (yeot)
    Sino-Korean: (yuk), (ryuk)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 여섯째 (yeoseotjjae)

Etymology

edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ljuwk).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 륙〮 (Yale: lyúk)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 여슷〮 (Yale: yèsús) 륙〮 (Yale: lyúk)

Pronunciation

edit

Hanja

edit
Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 여섯 (yeoseot ryuk), word-initial (South Korea) 여섯 (yeoseot yuk))

  1. Hanja form? of / (six).

Compounds

edit

References

edit
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Việt readings: lục[1][2][3], lúc ((lực)(trúc)(thiết))[1]
: Nôm readings: lúc[1][2][3][4], lục[1][2][3], lóc[1], trọc[1], lộc[3], lụt[3]

  1. Chữ Hán form of lục (six).

Derived terms

edit

References

edit