U+516E, 兮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516E

[U+516D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 12, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金一女尸 (CMVS), four-corner 80207, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 127, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1455
  • Dae Jaweon: page 283, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 241, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+516E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Originally the same character as (OC *ɢaː). The oracle bone form consists of (“fork in a tree”) and two vertical strokes above; the two strokes are parallel in most oracle bone attestations, possibly representing finer branches (i.e. the sound produced by wind blows past these branches).

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ê - vernacular;
  • hê - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕi⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕi⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕi⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕi⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕi⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕi³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕi¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕi¹³/
Hohhot /ɕi³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /i⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɦi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕi³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕi³³/
Xiangtan /ɕi³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐi²¹/
Nanning /hɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /he³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hie⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hi³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛj/
Li
Rong
/ɣei/
Wang
Li
/ɣiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hej ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡˁe/
English (final particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13231
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢeː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) Sentence-final exclamatory particle.
  2. (Min Zhong, Puxian Min) Possessive particle.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): けい (kei)
  • Kun: (no)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (hye))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: hề

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.