Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 12 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金一女尸 (CMVS), four-corner 80207, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 127, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1455
  • Dae Jaweon: page 283, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 241, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+516E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Originally the same character as (OC *ɢaː). The oracle bone form consists of (“fork in a tree”) and two vertical strokes above; the two strokes are parallel in most oracle bone attestations, possibly representing finer branches (i.e. the sound produced by wind blows past these branches).

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕi⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕi⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕi⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕi⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕi⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕi³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕi¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕi¹³/
Hohhot /ɕi³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /i⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɦi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕi³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕi³³/
Xiangtan /ɕi³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐi²¹/
Nanning /hɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /he³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hie⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hi³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛj/
Li
Rong
/ɣei/
Wang
Li
/ɣiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hej ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡˤe/
English (final particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13231
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢeː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Exclamatory particle.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hye) (hangeul , revised hye, McCune-Reischauer hye)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hề)

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