Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
分-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
分-oracle.svg 分-bronze.svg 分-silk.svg 分-bigseal.svg 分-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - to separate () with a knife ()

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

  1. to divide
  2. small unit of time etc.
  3. the number 1/10; 0.1

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fən⁵⁵/
Harbin /fən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /fən²¹/
Jinan /fẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /fə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /fən²⁴/
Xi'an /fẽ²¹/
Xining /fə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /fɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /fən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /fən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /fen⁵⁵/
Kunming /fə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /fən³¹/
Hefei /fən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /fəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /fə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /fəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /fən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /fen³³/
Wenzhou /faŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /fʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /fɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fən³³/
Xiangtan /ɸən³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fun⁴⁴/ ~配
/pun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐn⁵³/
Nanning /fɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun⁵⁵/
/pun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
/puiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luŋ³³/
/puŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²³/
/hun²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨun/ /pi̯uən/ /piuən/ /piun/ /pun/ /pĭuən/ /piuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fēn ‹ pjun › /*pə[n]/ divide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3148 1 /*pɯn/

VerbEdit

  1. to divide, to separate
    工作階段進行 / 工作阶段进行  ―  Zhè xiàng gōngzuò fēn liǎng jiēduàn jìnxíng.  ―  This exercise is divided into two stages.
  2. to distribute, to allocate, to assign, to allot
    兒子比薩餅 [MSC, trad.]
    儿子比萨饼 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā hé érzǐ fēn chī le yī zhāng bǐsàbǐng. [Pinyin]
    He shared a pizza with his son.
    一起苹果  ―  Tā hé wǒ yīqǐ fēn píngguǒ.  ―  He divided the apples with me.
    他們住房 / 他们住房  ―  Tāmen fēn dào le yī zhuàng zhùfáng.  ―  They were allotted a house to live in.
  3. to distinguish, to differentiate, to tell apart
    他們他們 [MSC, trad.]
    他们他们 [MSC, simp.]
    fēn bù qīng tāmen. Tāmen cháng dé tài xiàng le [Pinyin]
    I cannot tell them apart. they are very much alike.
    懦夫蠻力大丈夫氣概恃強凌弱 [MSC, trad.]
    懦夫蛮力大丈夫气概恃强凌弱 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā shì yī ge nuòfū, yī ge fēn bù qīng mánlì hé dàzhàngfū qìgài de shìqiánglíngruò zhě. [Pinyin]
    He's a coward and a bully who confuses physical strength with manhood.

NounEdit

  1. minute (unit of time)
    分鐘分钟 (fēnzhōng, “minute”)
    現在745 / 现在745  ―  Xiànzài shì 7 diǎn 45 fēn.  ―  It's quarter to eight now.
  2. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree))
  3. fraction
    分之 (fēnzhī, “used to indicate a fraction”)
  4. (sports, games) point; mark;
    本題 / 本题  ―  Běntí zhàn wǔshí fēn.  ―  This question counts for 50 points.
    多少  ―  Wǒ dé le duōshǎo fēn?  ―  What's my score?
  5. one tenth
  6. (unit of money) 0.01 yuan
  7. (Hong Kong) fan, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as 0.1 tsun () or 0.00371475 metres ()
  8. (archaic) an ancient small unit of time
  9. Abbreviation of 市分: a unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm

See alsoEdit

  • (unit of length): (zhàng), (chǐ), (cùn)

Pronunciation 2Edit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨunH/ /bʱi̯uənH/ /biuənH/ /biunH/ /bunH/ /bĭuənH/ /biuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fèn ‹ bjunH › /*[m]-pə[n]-s/ alloted duty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3191 1 /*bɯns/

NounEdit

  1. part, share, portion
  2. ingredient, component
Usage notesEdit
  • Equivalent to (fèn).

ClassifierEdit

  1. classifier for gifts, newspaper, papers, reports, contracts

CompoundsEdit

  • Terms marked with * are regular formations from nouns (e.g. 分校, 分行).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ふん, romaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)

‎(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. part; share
    このケーキ
    kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    this piece of cake is yours. (your share; it implies there are other pieces of cake.)

‎(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four (ryō)

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana ふん, romaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)
Minutes in Japanese
一分 (いっぷん) ‎(ippun) 二分 (にふん) ‎(nifun) 三分 (さんぷん) ‎(sanpun) 四分 (よんぷん) ‎(yonpun) 五分 (ごふん) ‎(gofun) 六分 (ろっぷん) ‎(roppun) 七分 (ななふん) ‎(nanafun)
七分 (しちふん) ‎(shichifun)
八分 (はちふん) ‎(hachifun)
八分 (はっぷん) ‎(happun)
九分 (きゅうふん) ‎(kyūfun) 十分 (じっぷん) ‎(jippun)
十分 (じゅっぷん) ‎(juppun)

Related termsEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bun, McCune-Reischauer: pun, Yale: pwun)
  • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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