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See also:
U+5206, 分
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5206

[U+5205]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5207]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
prɯːns, *hmroːlʔ, *pɯn, *pɯnʔ
pʰrɯːns
praːn, *bɯn
praːn, *bɯn
praːn, *bɯn
prɯn, *bɯns
pʰreːd, *prɯn
prɯn
prɯn
prɯn
prɯn, *pʰrɯn, *pʰɯn
brɯn
pʰɯːns, *bɯːn, *pʰɯns
bɯːn
bɯːn, *bɯn, *bɯn
bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
pɯn, *bɯns
pɯn
pɯnʔ
pɯnʔ
pʰɯn
pʰɯn
pʰɯn
pʰɯn, *bɯn
pʰɯn, *bɯn
pʰɯn
忿 pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯnʔ
pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯn, *bɯnʔ
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn, *bɯnʔ
bɯn, *bɯnʔ
bɯnʔ
bɯns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (to separate) +  (knife) – to separate with a knife.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • pûn - vernacular (“to divide; to separate; to distribute; to give; by”);
  • fûn - literary.
Note:
  • buŏng - vernacular;
  • hŭng - literary.
Note:
  • pun - vernacular;
  • hun - literary.
Note:
  • bung1 - vernacular;
  • hung1 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fən⁵⁵/
Harbin /fən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /fən²¹/
Jinan /fẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /fə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /fən²⁴/
Xi'an /fẽ²¹/
Xining /fə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /fɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /fən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /fən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /fen⁵⁵/
Kunming /fə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /fən³¹/
Hefei /fən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /fəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /fə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /fəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /fən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /fen³³/
Wenzhou /faŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /fʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /fɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fən³³/
Xiangtan /ɸən³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fun⁴⁴/ ~配
/pun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐn⁵³/
Nanning /fɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun⁵⁵/
/pun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
/puiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luŋ³³/
/puŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²³/
/hun²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/piun/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pun/
Li
Rong
/piuən/
Wang
Li
/pĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*pə[n]/
English divide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3148
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to divide; to separate
  2. to distribute; to allocate; to assign; to allot
  3. to distinguish; to differentiate; to tell apart
  4. Short for 分手 (fēnshǒu, “to break up”).
  5. (Hakka, Teochew) to give
  6. (Hakka, Teochew) by
  7. minute (unit of time)
    /   ―  fēnzhōng  ―  minute
  8. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree)
  9. fraction; proportion
    • 分之 (fēnzhī, “used to indicate a fraction”)
  10. (sports, games) point; mark
  11. one tenth
  12. (numismatics) 0.01 yuan (or dollar, etc.); cent
  13. one tenth of a (a unit of length)
    1. (Hong Kong) fan, legally defined as 0.00371475 metres
    2. (Mainland China) Short for 市分, equivalent to 0.33 cm
  14. one tenth of a (a unit of area)
  15. (historical) an ancient small unit of time
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to give”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Dialectal synonyms of (“by; passive marker”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 撥勒
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
See alsoEdit
  • (unit of length): (zhàng), (chǐ), (cùn)
  • Chinese Numeral

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • → Lao: ປັນ (pan, divide, distribute)
  • → Thai: ปัน (bpan, divide, distribute)

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bunH/
Li
Rong
/biuənH/
Wang
Li
/bĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjunH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]-pə[n]-s/
English alloted duty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. part; share; portion
  2. ingredient; component
  3. duty; responsibility
  4. status; standing
  5. lot; fate; destiny
  6. mutual affection
  7. Alternative form of (fèn, “classifier”).
Usage notesEdit

Many of the senses are now written with the specialised character (fèn).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ふん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/pun//fun/

From Middle Chinese (/pɨun/, a minute).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana ふん, rōmaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)

NounEdit

(hiragana ふん, rōmaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)
Usage notesEdit

When preceded by a number, the reading changes depending on the phonetic context.

Minutes in Japanese
 (いっ) (ぷん) (ippun)  () (ふん) (nifun)  (さん) (ぷん) (sanpun)  (よん) (ぷん) (yonpun)  () (ふん) (gofun)  (ろっ) (ぷん) (roppun) 七分 (ななふん) (nanafun)
七分 (しちふん) (shichifun)
八分 (はちふん) (hachifun)
 (はっ) (ぷん) (happun)
 (きゅう) (ふん) (kyūfun)  (じっ) (ぷん) (jippun)
 (じゅっ) (ぷん) (juppun)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (bɨunH, a minute).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぶん, rōmaji bun)

  1. a part, a share, a portion
    このケーキは (きみ) (ぶん)だよ。
    Kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    This piece of cake is your portion.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

/bun//bu/

Shift from bun above, with influence on the meaning from the Middle Chinese sense tied to original Middle Chinese reading /pɨun/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four  (りょう) (ryō)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bun)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul):
    • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.