TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  ‎(half (cow)) + semantic  ‎(knife) – to cut fine distinctions 刀 (to judge, to discriminate). Phonetic (半) is also a cow cut in half, hence “divide a cow”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 火手中弓 (FQLN), four-corner 92500, composition)

  1. judge
  2. discriminate
  3. conclude

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 138, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1923
  • Dae Jaweon: page 311, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 331, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5224

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (判), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 滂 (2)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 普半切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰuɑnH/ /pʰuɑnH/ /pʰuɑnH/ /pʰʷɑnH/ /pʰwanH/ /pʰuɑnH/ /pʰuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
pàn ‹ phanH › /*pʰˤan-s/ divide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
250 1 /*pʰaːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(phanH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はん, romaji han)

  1. stamp, seal
  2. judgement

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana はん, romaji -han)

  1. size of paper or books

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ばん
Grade: 5
kan'yōon

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana ばん, romaji -ban)

  1. size of paper or books

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pan) (hangeul , revised pan, McCune-Reischauer p'an)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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