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ChineseEdit

to help; to assist verb
trad. (助動詞) 動詞
simp. (助动词) 动词

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

助動詞

  1. (grammar) auxiliary verb

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 3
どう
Grade: 3

Grade: 6
on’yomi

NounEdit

助動詞 (hiragana じょどうし, rōmaji jodōshi)

  1. (grammar) auxiliary verb
  2. (grammar) inflecting suffix or particle in Japanese

Usage notesEdit

The meaning of 助動詞 is different in Western grammar and in traditional Japanese grammar.

  • られる in 食べられる is analysed as an inflecting suffix in Western grammar, while it is called 助動詞 in traditional Japanese grammar.
  • いる in している is analysed as an auxiliary verb in Western grammar, while it is called 補助動詞 in traditional Japanese grammar.

ReferencesEdit