See also: 助动词

Chinese edit

to help; to assist verb
trad. (助動詞) 動詞
simp. (助动词) 动词

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit


  1. (grammar) auxiliary verb

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3
Grade: 3

Grade: 6
goon kan’yōon kan’on
 助動詞 on Japanese Wikipedia
Examples (Japanese or Korean grammar)
  • Passive voice, with verb-like inflection: れる/られる
  • Past tense/perfect aspect, with special inflection: /
  • Negative, with adjective-like inflection: ない
  • Particle, uninflected:

Etymology edit

(to help) +‎ 動詞 (verb), literally helping verb

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(じょ)(どう)() (jodōshi

  1. (non-Japanese and non-Korean grammar) an auxiliary verb
  2. (Japanese or Korean grammar) a class of 付属語 (fuzokugo, bound forms) that attach to 用言 (yōgen, inflected words) to add additional grammatical functions, such as tense, aspects, mood, evidentiality, etc.; strictly speaking, they must have verb-like inflection; broadly speaking, they include forms with adjective-like inflection and uninflected particles

See also edit

References edit

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

助動詞 (jodongsa) (hangeul 조동사)

  1. Hanja form? of 조동사 (auxiliary verb).

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit


  1. chữ Hán form of trợ động từ (auxiliary verb).