U+52AA, 努
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52AA

[U+52A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52AB]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女水大尸 (VEKS), four-corner 47427, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 146, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2314
  • Dae Jaweon: page 331, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 369, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+52AA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːʔ): semantic (strength) + phonetic (OC *naː) – exert one’s strength.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • nǒ͘/ló͘ - literary;
    • lǒ͘ - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nuoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nuoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /noX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /noX/
    Wang
    Li
    /nuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nuoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9606
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*naːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to exert; to strive; to make an effort
    2. to pout

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    () (do

    1. work, toil

    NounEdit

    () (do

    1. the third of the Eight Principles of Yong
    HypernymsEdit
    Coordinate termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つとむ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Nominalization of the classical Japanese verb 努む (tsutomu) (modern 努める (tsutomeru, to work, to toil)).

    PronunciationEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (つとむ) (Tsutomu

    1. A male given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 힘쓸 (himsseul no))

    1. Hanja form? of (exertion; striving; making an effort).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: nỗ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.