See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿一大尸 (TMKS), four-corner 44127, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 149, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 378, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡɯn): phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡrɯn, *kɯnʔ) + semantic  ‎(strong) – to work hard, to be diligent.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɡiən/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjɨn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ər/
English toil, diligent, devoted

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6749
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. industrious, diligent, attentive

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana つとむ, romaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cần, cùn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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