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U+52FF, 勿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52FF

[U+52FE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5300]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 20 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心竹竹 (PHH), four-corner 27220, composition丿丿)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 150, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2501
  • Dae Jaweon: page 339, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 255, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+52FF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
minʔ
mɯnʔ
mɯnʔ
mɯnʔ, *mɯd
buːs, *mɯnʔ
mrɯd, *mɯd
hmɯːd
hmɯːd, *mɯd
hmɯːd
hmɯːd
hmɯːd
hmɯːd
ʔmɯːd
mɯd
mɯd
mɯd
mɯd

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mut̚/
Li
Rong
/miuət̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjut › ‹ mjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*mut/ /*mut/
English don"t not ... it

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13219
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯd/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or formal, imperative) do not; don't
    吸煙 / 吸烟  ―  qǐng xīyān  ―  no smoking (lit. please do not smoke)
  2. (literary or Wu) not
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“do not”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 不要
Jinan 別價
Xi'an 不敢
Wuhan
Chengdu 不要
Yangzhou 不要
Hefei 不要
Cantonese Guangzhou 唔好
Hong Kong 唔好
Yangjiang 無好
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 毋愛毋好
Jin Taiyuan 不要不敢
Min Bei Jian'ou 伓敢伓讓
Min Dong Fuzhou 伓通
Min Nan Xiamen 毋通毋愛
Quanzhou 毋通毋愛
Zhangzhou 毋通
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Lukang
Sanxia 莫去
Yilan 毋通
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 𧟰
Wenzhou 𧟰
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Dialectal synonyms of (“not”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Shenyang
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Liuzhou
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong
Malaysia
Singapore
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 𣍐
Min Dong Fuzhou 𣍐
Matsu 𣍐
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“(imperative) do not; don't”).

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 卹勿.

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぶつ, rōmaji butsu)

(hiragana もち, rōmaji mochi)

  1. must not, do not, be not

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mul, mol) (hangeul , , revised mul, mol, McCune-Reischauer mul, mol)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vật, vặt, vất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.