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U+52FF, 勿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52FF

[U+52FE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5300]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 20, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心竹竹 (PHH), four-corner 27220, composition丿丿)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 150, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2501
  • Dae Jaweon: page 339, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 255, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+52FF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms Wu

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*minʔ
*mɯnʔ
*mɯnʔ
*mɯnʔ, *mɯd
*buːs, *mɯnʔ
*mrɯd, *mɯd
*hmɯːd
*hmɯːd, *mɯd
*hmɯːd
*hmɯːd
*hmɯːd
*hmɯːd
*ʔmɯːd
*mɯd
*mɯd
*mɯd
*mɯd

Pictogram (象形) – blood on a knife; the original character of (OC *mɯnʔ, “to cut”). Phonetically borrowed for the negative particle since the time of the oracle bone script.

Etymology 1Edit

do not (verb) him/her/it!
Fusion of (OC *ma, “should not; don't!”) with (OC *tjɯ, “third-person pronoun”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mut̚/
Li
Rong
/miuət̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjut › ‹ mjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*mut/ /*mut/
English don"t not ... it

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13219
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯd/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or formal, imperative) do not; don't
    吸煙 / 吸烟  ―  qǐng xīyān  ―  no smoking (lit. please do not smoke)
  2. (literary or Wu) not
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Commentary of Zuo, circa 4th century BCE
    Qí hóu yù xǔ. [Pinyin]
    Duke Ling of Qi wanted to not agree.
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“do not”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 1, ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing , 別價
Taiwan , 不要
Harbin
Jinan , 別價, 甭價, 不要
Muping
Luoyang , ,
Wanrong , 不要
Xi'an , 不敢
Xining
Xuzhou ,
Lanzhou 不要
Ürümqi
Wuhan 1,
Chengdu 1, 不要,
Guiyang 不要
Liuzhou 1, 莫要
Yangzhou 1, 不要
Nanjing 不要
Hefei , 不要
Cantonese Guangzhou , 唔好
Hong Kong , 唔好
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 唔好
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 唔好
Taishan 唔好
Kaiping (Chikan) 唔好
Dongguan , 唔好
Shaoguan
Yunfu , 唔好
Yangjiang 1, 無好
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning 冇要
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 1
Lichuan 毋要, 不要
Pingxiang 不要
Hakka Meixian 1, 毋愛, 毋好
Xingning 毋愛
Huidong (Daling) 毋好
Qujiang 毋好
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 毋好
Changting 毋要
Liancheng 毋要
Ninghua 毋要
Yudu 毋要, 毋敢
Ruijin 毋要
Shicheng 毋要
Shangyou 毋要
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 毋好
Liudui (S. Sixian) 毋好
Hsinchu (Hailu) 毋好
Dongshi (Dabu) 毋好
Hsinchu (Raoping) 毋好
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 毋好
Hong Kong 毋好
Sabah 毋愛
Senai 毋好
Huizhou Jixi 不要,
Shexian 不要,
Tunxi 不要,
Jin Taiyuan 不要, 不敢
Xinzhou 不要, ,
Min Bei Jian'ou 伓敢, 伓讓, 1
Min Dong Fuzhou 伓通, 1
Fuqing 伓通
Matsu 1
Min Nan Xiamen 毋通, 毋愛, 2
Quanzhou 毋通, 毋愛
Zhangzhou 毋通, 2
Taipei 2
Kaohsiung 2
Tainan 2
Lukang 2
Sanxia 莫去
Yilan 毋通, 2
Penang 2, 毋通
Pingnan (Shangdu)
Chaozhou , 2
Shantou , 2
Haifeng 2
Johor Bahru
Haikou 無用, 2, 無莫
Leizhou 無地
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 冇要
Wu Shanghai 勿要, 𧟰
Suzhou 𧟰
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 𧟰
Chongming 𧟰
Danyang 弗要, 𫸻
Jinhua 𫸻, 弗要, 弗用
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 1, 不要
Shuangfeng 1
Loudi 不要, 1
Quanzhou
Dialectal synonyms of (“not”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Shenyang
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Liuzhou
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong
Malaysia
Singapore
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Dongguan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Daling)
Qujiang
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua ,
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou , 𣍐
Min Dong Fuzhou , 𣍐
Matsu , 𣍐
Min Nan Xiamen , ,
Quanzhou , ,
Zhangzhou , ,
Taipei , ,
Kaohsiung , ,
Penang , ,
Philippines (Manila) , ,
Chaozhou ,
Shantou ,
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi)
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming ,
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“(imperative) do not; don't”).

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 卹勿.

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぶつ, rōmaji butsu)

(hiragana もち, rōmaji mochi)

  1. must not, do not, be not

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. negation
  2. prohibition

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mul, mol) (hangeul , , revised mul, mol, McCune–Reischauer mul, mol)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vật, vặt, vất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.