ChineseEdit

north capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
trad. (北京)
simp. #(北京)
Literally: “northern capital”.
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (28)
Final () (131) (111)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pək̚/ /kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pək̚/ /kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pək̚/ /kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pək̚/ /kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/pək̚/ /kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/pək̚/ /kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pək̚/ /ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo jīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běi jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pok › ‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˁək/ /*[k]raŋ/
English north hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 414 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯːɡ/ /*kraŋ/

Proper nounEdit

北京

  1. () Beijing (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)
    中國首都北京 [MSC, trad.]
    中国首都北京 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
    The capital of China is Beijing.
    Synonyms: 北平 (Běipíng(historical), 燕京 (Yānjīng(historical)
  2. (historical) northern capital
    1. [5th century CE] Jiankang (capital of Liu Song dynasty)—in modern-day Nanjing, Jiangsu province
    2. [5th century CE] Jingkou (birthplace of Liu Song dynasty)—in modern-day Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province
    3. [5th century CE] Pingcheng (capital of Northern Wei dynasty)—in modern-day Datong, Shanxi province
    4. [8th–10th centuries CE] Taiyuan Fu (birthplace of Tang dynasty and many subsequent states)—in modern-day Taiyuan, Shanxi province
    5. [11th century CE] Daming Fu (visited by Emperor Zhenzong)—in modern-day Handan, Hebei province
    6. [12th century CE] Shangjing Linhuang Fu (one of the capitals of Jin dynasty)—in modern-day Chifeng, Inner Mongolia
    7. [12th century CE] Zhongdu (one of the capitals of Jin dynasty)—in modern-day Beijing
    8. [14th century CE] Kaifeng Fu (Ming dynasty)—in modern-day Kaifeng, Henan province

Usage notesEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (Beijing): (historical) 北平 (Běipíng), (literary, or ironic, humorous) 帝都 (dìdū), (historical, archaic) 燕京 (Yānjīng)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (北京):

Others:

See alsoEdit

  • Other capitals in the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China: 南京 (Nánjīng) — 洛陽洛阳 (Luòyáng) — 西安 (Xī'ān)
  • Other directions: 南京 (Nánjīng, “southern capital”) — 東京东京 (Dōngjīng, “eastern capital”) — 西京 (Xījīng, “western capital”)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
tōon

From dialectal Chinese 北京 (literally northern capital).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

北京(ペキン) (Pekin

  1. Beijing (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ほく > ほっ
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

北京(ほっきょう) (hokkyō (historical kana ほくきやう)

  1. (literally) a northern capital

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

北京 (Bukgyeong) (hangeul 북경)

  1. Hanja form? of 북경 (Beijing).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

北京

  1. Hán tự form of Bắc Kinh (Beijing).