Glyph origin Edit
Traditionally thought to be an ideogrammic compound (
): 會意 匚 ( “ box ” ) + 斤 ( “ axe ” ) (e.g. ).
In more recent scholarship (e.g.
Zhengzhang, 2003; Baxter and Sagart, 2014), an alternative glyph origin has been proposed, suggesting that it is a phono-semantic compound ( , 形聲 ): phonetic OC *sbaŋs 匚 ( OC *paŋ ) + semantic 斤 ( “ axe ” ).
Several etymologies have been proposed:
Tibetan བྱང ( byang, “ skilled ” ) ( Bodman, 1980) or སྤྱང ( spyang, “ skilful; clever ” ) ( Sagart and Baxter, 2012). These comparisons would require the reconstruction to have a Old Chinese *sb- initial, which is possible if ( 匚 ) is considered to be the phonetic component. The Middle Chinese initial would be derived as such: OC *paŋ *s.b- > *zb- > *bz- > *dz- ( Baxter and Sagart, 2014).
Schuessler (2007), who reconstructs the minimally as Old Chinese *dzaŋh, deems it more likely to be from , comparing it to Mon-Khmer Khmer ចាំង ( cang, “ to dress; to trim (wood) ” ) ( Schuessler, 2007). Jacques (2015) proposes another etymology, comparing it to Sino-Tibetan Tibetan མཛངས ( mdzangs, “ wise; intelligent ” ), which is derived from བཟང ( bzang, “ good ” ). Under this hypothesis, it can be derived from ( 臧 , “good”), which has been connected to the Tibetan word. He postulates the derivation to consist of the nominalizing circumfix OC *[ts]ˤaŋ *k- -s and the applicative prefix *N-, yielding *k-N-tsaŋ-s > *k-dzaŋ-s.
craftsman; artisan; workman master
→ Southwestern Tai: *ɟaːŋᴮ ( “ artisan ” ) → Zhuang: cangh ( “ someone in a particular profession ” )
References Edit Vietnamese Edit
Han character Edit
匠: readings: Hán Nôm tượng This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text