See also:
U+5354, 協
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5354

[U+5353]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5355]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 24, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十大尸尸 (JKSS), four-corner 44027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 156, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 357, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 64, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5354

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms


Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦleːb): semantic (many) + phonetic (OC *ɦleːb, to collaborate).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiab8 - Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang, Raoping, Pontianak;
  • hiêb8 - Chaozhou;
  • hiag8 - Chenghai.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕiɛ²⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕie⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕiə⁴²/
    Qingdao /ɕiə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiɛ⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕiɛ²⁴/
    Xining /ɕi²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕie¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕie²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕie³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕieʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ɕiaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦiaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ɦiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦiəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ji²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕieʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ɕia⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕie²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɕie²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /hiap̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /hiɑp̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hip̚³/
    Nanning /hip̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hip̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiap̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiap̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiap̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (158)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦep̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦep̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɛp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɛp̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣep̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣiep̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣiep̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xié
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jip6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xié
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hep ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ˁep/
    English in harmony

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13788
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦleːb/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to cooperate; to work together; to collaborate
    2. to assist; to help
    3. harmonious; in amity with
    4. united; joint; common

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. collaboration

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (ryakuji) 𫝓 [U+2B753]

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (hyeop))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: hiệp

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.