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See also:
U+5354, 協
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5354

[U+5353]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5355]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 24, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十大尸尸 (JKSS), four-corner 44027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 156, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 357, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 64, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5354

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*reːbs
*reːbs, *rebs
*reːbs, *rebs
*hlams, *hlab
*hlams
*raːb, *raːb
*hlab
*hlab
*hlab
*hlab
*ɦleːb
*ɦleːb
*ɦleːb
*ɦleːb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦleːb): semantic  (many) + phonetic  (OC *ɦleːb, to collaborate).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ˧˥/
Harbin /ɕiɛ˨˦/
Tianjin /ɕie˦˥/
Jinan /ɕiə˦˨/
Qingdao /ɕiə˦˨/
Zhengzhou /ɕiɛ˦˨/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ˨˦/
Xining /ɕi˨˦/
Yinchuan /ɕie˩˧/
Lanzhou /ɕiə˥˧/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ˥˩/
Wuhan /ɕie˨˩˧/
Chengdu /ɕie˧˩/
Guiyang /ɕie˨˩/
Kunming /ɕiɛ˧˩/
Nanjing /ɕieʔ˥/
Hefei /ɕiɐʔ˥/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ˨/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ˥˧/
Hohhot /ɕiaʔ˦˧/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiaʔ˩/
Suzhou /ɦiəʔ˧/
Hangzhou /ɦiəʔ˨/
Wenzhou /ji˨˩˧/
Hui Shexian /ɕieʔ˨˩/
Tunxi /ɕia˥/
Xiang Changsha /ɕie˨˦/
Xiangtan /ɕie˨˦/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛʔ˥/
Hakka Meixian /hiap̚˥/
Taoyuan /hiɑp̚˥˥/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hip̚˧/
Nanning /hip̚˧˧/
Hong Kong /hip̚˧/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiap̚˥/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ˥/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɛ˨˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiap̚˥/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiap̚˧/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (158)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦep̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦep̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣep̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣiep̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiep̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xié
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xié
Middle
Chinese
‹ hep ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˁep/
English in harmony

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13788
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦleːb/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to cooperate; to work together; to collaborate
  2. to assist; to help
  3. harmonious; in amity with
  4. united; joint; common

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (ryakuji) 𫝓 [U+2B753]

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune–Reischauer hyŏp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiếp, hiệp, híp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.