Contents

ChineseEdit

 
extensive; ample; rich; obtain; aim; to win; to get; plentiful; to gamble
scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(博士)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
博士 (Written Standard Chinese?)
博士 (Cantonese)

EtymologyEdit

Attestable since at least the Eastern Han dynasty. The sense of “doctor” is wasei kango (和製漢語), borrowing from Japanese  (はく) ()(hakushi).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (20)
Final () (104) (19)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pwɑk̚/ /d͡ʒɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɑk̚/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pwak̚/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/
Li
Rong
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒiəX/
Wang
Li
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwɑk̚/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo zhì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ pak › ‹ dzriX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤak/ /*[m-s-]rəʔ/
English broad officer; gentleman

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3474 11511
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paːɡ/ /*zrɯʔ/

NounEdit

博士

  1. doctorate; Ph.D.
    博士  ―  bóshìshēng  ―  doctorate candidate
    哲學博士 / 哲学博士  ―  zhéxué bóshì  ―  Doctor of Philosophy
    北京大學取得博士學位 [MSC, trad.]
    北京大学取得博士学位 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā gāng cóng Běijīng dàxué qǔdé bóshì xuéwèi. [Pinyin]
    He recently obtained his doctorate degree from Peking University.
  2. doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
    博士 / 博士  ―  bóshì  ―  Dr. Wu
    博士講座主講人 [MSC, trad.]
    博士讲座主讲人 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhāng bóshì shì zhè chǎng jiǎngzuò de zhǔjiǎngrén. [Pinyin]
    Dr. Zhang is the presenter of this seminar.
  3. (historical) court academician (in feudal China)
  4. (historical) master; person with a particular skill
    博士  ―  chá bóshì  ―  a tea master
  5. (historical) learned scholar; polymath

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (博士):

Others:

  • → Manchu: ᠪᠠᡴᠰᡳ(baksi), ᠪᠠᡴᡧᡳ(bakši, scholar; Confucian scholar)
    • → Chinese: 把式 (bǎshì), 把勢把势 (bǎshì, “martial arts; master; skill”), 把戲把戏 (bǎxì, “circus tricks; cheap tricks”)
    • → Chinese: 巴克什 (bākèshí, “baksi, title given to Qing Dynasty scholars”)
  • → Mongolian: ᠪᠠᠭᠰᠢ(baɣsi) / багш(bagš, teacher, instructor; master; trainer)
  • → Kazakh: бақсы(baqsı, shaman, sorcerer)
  • → Persian: بخشی(baxši, scribe, secretary; surgeon; vice-regent; inspector; grand falconer)
  • → Uyghur: باخشى(baxshi, sorcerer, shaman, wizard; witchcraft healer, witch-doctor), باخشىلىق(baxshiliq, falconry, hunting with birds of prey; witchcraft, shamanism)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はく > はか
Grade: 4
し > せ
Grade: 4
Irregular
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はかせ, romaji hakase)

  1. (historical) a court academician
  2. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 博士(pak dzriX)

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はくし, romaji hakushi)

  1. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひろ
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
yutōyomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Proper nounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

博士 ‎(baksa, McCune-Reischauer: paksa, Yale: pakqsa) ‎(hangeul 박사)

  1. Hanja form? of 박사, “doctor”.