博士

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
extensive; ample; rich; obtain; aim; to win; to get; plentiful; to gamble
scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(博士)
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (博士, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pwɑk̚/ /pwɑk̚/ /puɑk̚/ /pʷɑk̚/ /pwak̚/ /puɑk̚/ /puɑk̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (20)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/ /d͡ʒiəX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /d͡ʒĭəX/ /d͡ʒieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (博士, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pak › /*pˤak/ broad
shì ‹ dzriX › /*[m-s-]rəʔ/ officer; gentleman

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3474 0 /*paːɡ/
11511 0 /*zrɯʔ/

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

NounEdit

博士

  1. (historical) a court academician (in feudal China)
  2. (historical) a master; a person with a particular skill
    博士  ―  chá bóshì  ―  a tea master

Etymology 2Edit

Wasei kango (和製漢語), from Japanese  (はく) () ‎(hakushi, doctorate), semantically readapted from Chinese 博士 (“academician, master”).

NounEdit

博士

  1. a doctorate; a Ph.D.
    北京大學取得博士學位 [MSC, trad.]
    北京大学取得博士学位 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā gāng cóng Běijīng dàxué qǔdé bóshì xuéwèi. [Pinyin]
    He recently obtained his doctorate degree from Peking University.
  2. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
    博士講座主講人 [MSC, trad.]
    博士讲座主讲人 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhāng bóshì shì zhè chǎng jiǎngzuò de zhǔjiǎngrén. [Pinyin]
    Dr. Zhang is the presenter of this seminar.
  3. (obsolete) a learned scholar; a polymath
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (博士):

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はく > はか
Grade: 4
し > せ
Grade: 4
Irregular
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はかせ, romaji hakase)

  1. (historical) a court academician
  2. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はくし, romaji hakushi)

  1. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひろ
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
yutōyomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Proper nounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

博士 ‎(baksa, McCune-Reischauer: paksa, Yale: pakqsa) ‎(hangeul 박사)

  1. Hanja form? of 박사, “doctor”.
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