博士

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
extensive; ample; rich; obtain; aim; to win; to get; plentiful; to gamble
scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(博士)
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

EtymologyEdit

The sense of “doctor” is wasei kango (和製漢語), from Japanese  (はく) () ‎(hakushi).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (20)
Final () (104) (19)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pwɑk̚/ /d͡ʒɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɑk̚/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pwak̚/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/
Li
Rong
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒiəX/
Wang
Li
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwɑk̚/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo zhì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ pak › ‹ dzriX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤak/ /*[m-s-]rəʔ/
English broad officer; gentleman

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3474 11511
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paːɡ/ /*zrɯʔ/

NounEdit

博士

  1. (historical) court academician (in feudal China)
  2. (historical) master; person with a particular skill
    博士  ―  chá bóshì  ―  a tea master
  3. (historical) learned scholar; polymath
  4. doctorate; Ph.D.
    博士  ―  bóshìshēng  ―  doctorate candidate
    哲學博士 / 哲学博士  ―  zhéxuébóshì  ―  Doctor of Philosophy
  5. doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
    博士 / 博士  ―  bóshì  ―  Dr. Wu

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (博士):

Others:

  • → Manchu: ᠪᠠᡴᠰᡳ ‎(baksi), ᠪᠠᡴᡧᡳ ‎(bakši, scholar; Confucian scholar)
    • → Chinese: 把式 (bǎshì), 把勢把势 (bǎshì, “martial arts; master; skill”), 把戲把戏 (bǎxì, “circus tricks; cheap tricks”)
    • → Chinese: 巴克什 (bākèshí, “baksi, title given to Qing Dynasty scholars”)
  • → Mongolian: ᠪᠠᠭᠰᠢ ‎(baɣsi) / багш ‎(bagš, teacher, instructor; master; trainer)
  • → Kazakh: бақсы ‎(baqsı, shaman, sorcerer)
  • → Persian: بخشی ‎(baxši, scribe, secretary; surgeon; vice-regent; inspector; grand falconer)
  • → Uyghur: باخشى ‎(baxshi, sorcerer, shaman, wizard; witchcraft healer, witch-doctor), باخشىلىق ‎(baxshiliq, falconry, hunting with birds of prey; witchcraft, shamanism)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はく > はか
Grade: 4
し > せ
Grade: 4
Irregular
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はかせ, romaji hakase)

  1. (historical) a court academician
  2. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はくし, romaji hakushi)

  1. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひろ
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
yutōyomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Proper nounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

博士 ‎(baksa, McCune-Reischauer: paksa, Yale: pakqsa) ‎(hangeul 박사)

  1. Hanja form? of 박사, “doctor”.
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