Contents

ChineseEdit

 
extensive; ample; rich; obtain; aim; to win; to get; plentiful; to gamble
scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(博士)
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

EtymologyEdit

The sense of “doctor” is wasei kango (和製漢語), from Japanese  (はく) () ‎(hakushi).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (20)
Final () (104) (19)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pwɑk̚/ /d͡ʒɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɑk̚/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pwak̚/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/
Li
Rong
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒiəX/
Wang
Li
/puɑk̚/ /d͡ʒĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwɑk̚/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo zhì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ pak › ‹ dzriX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤak/ /*[m-s-]rəʔ/
English broad officer; gentleman

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3474 11511
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paːɡ/ /*zrɯʔ/

NounEdit

博士

  1. (historical) court academician (in feudal China)
  2. (historical) master; person with a particular skill
    博士  ―  chá bóshì  ―  a tea master
  3. (historical) learned scholar; polymath
  4. doctorate; Ph.D.
    博士  ―  bóshìshēng  ―  doctorate candidate
    哲學博士 / 哲学博士  ―  zhéxuébóshì  ―  Doctor of Philosophy
  5. doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
    博士 / 博士  ―  bóshì  ―  Dr. Wu

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (博士):

Others:

  • → Manchu: ᠪᠠᡴᠰᡳ ‎(baksi), ᠪᠠᡴᡧᡳ ‎(bakši, scholar; Confucian scholar)
    • → Chinese: 把式 (bǎshì), 把勢把势 (bǎshì, “martial arts; master; skill”), 把戲把戏 (bǎxì, “circus tricks; cheap tricks”)
    • → Chinese: 巴克什 (bākèshí, “baksi, title given to Qing Dynasty scholars”)
  • → Mongolian: ᠪᠠᠭᠰᠢ ‎(baɣsi) / багш ‎(bagš, teacher, instructor; master; trainer)
  • → Kazakh: бақсы ‎(baqsı, shaman, sorcerer)
  • → Persian: بخشی ‎(baxši, scribe, secretary; surgeon; vice-regent; inspector; grand falconer)
  • → Uyghur: باخشى ‎(baxshi, sorcerer, shaman, wizard; witchcraft healer, witch-doctor), باخشىلىق ‎(baxshiliq, falconry, hunting with birds of prey; witchcraft, shamanism)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はく > はか
Grade: 4
し > せ
Grade: 4
Irregular
This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はかせ, romaji hakase)

  1. (historical) a court academician
  2. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana はくし, romaji hakushi)

  1. a doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひろ
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
yutōyomi
This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Proper nounEdit

博士 ‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

博士 ‎(baksa, McCune-Reischauer: paksa, Yale: pakqsa) ‎(hangeul 박사)

  1. Hanja form? of 박사, “doctor”.
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