See also: and
U+5375, 卵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5375

[U+5374]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5376]
U+F91C, 卵
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F91C

[U+F91B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F91D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 26, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹尸中戈 (HHSLI), four-corner 77720, composition𠂑)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 159, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2857
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 313, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5375

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𡖉
𤓲
𠨫

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     

Pictogram (象形) – spawn, egg.

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-row (egg, nit). Cognate with Tibetan སྲོ་མ (sro ma, egg of a louse, nit, small bubble).

(OC *kuːn) may represent a doublet resulting from prefix preemption.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sō̤ng - vernacular;
  • lǔing - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • lâung - vernacular;
    • luāng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • nn̄g/nňg/nūi - vernacular;
    • loán - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3lu - “egg”;
    • 3loe - “penis”.
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (37) (37)
    Final () (62) (95)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lʷɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lwanX/ /lwaX/
    Li
    Rong
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Wang
    Li
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    luǎn luǒ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    luǎn luǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lwaX › ‹ lwanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˁorʔ/ (dialect: *-r > *-j) /*k.rˁorʔ/
    English egg egg

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 8639 8643
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·roːlʔ/ /*ɡ·roːnʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. egg; ovum; roe; spawn
    2. (entomology) fertilised egg
    3. (regional) testicles
    4. (regional) penis; male genitals

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡳞 (“male genitalia; penis; dick; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𡳞.)

    Etymology 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“fish roe”).
    (This character, , is an obsolete form of .)

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. an egg

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
       
    (tamago): a selection of different eggs.
    Kanji in this term
    たまご
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling 玉子

    From (tama, ball) +‎ (ko, child, small thing). The ko reading for changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (たまご) (tamago

    1. an egg, including fish roe
      • 1999 September 23, “ウィング・エッグ・エルフ [Wing Egg Elf]”, in Vol.5, Konami:
        たまごのカラに()(つつ)(てん)使()(おお)きな(はね)(こう)(げき)(ふせ)ぐ。
        Tamago no kara ni mi o tsutsumu tenshi. Ōki na hane de kōgeki o fusegu.
        An angel sheltered inside an eggshell. It fends off attacks with its massive wings.
      • 2000 July 13, “ドラゴン・エッガー [Dragon Egger]”, in Pharaoh’s Servant -ファラオのしもべ-, Konami:
        (たまご)のカラをかぶっているドラゴン。()(ども)()(ちが)えると(いた)()にあうぞ!
        Tamago no kara o kabutte iru doragon. Kodomo to machigaeru to itaime ni au zo!
        A dragon who shelters in an eggshell. Never mistake him for a literal baby!
      • 2003 July 17, “ジェノサイドキングサーモン [Genocide King Salmon]”, in 暗黒の侵略者 [Invader of Darkness], Konami:
        (あん)(こく)(かい)(ぬし)として(おそ)れられている(きょ)(だい)なシャケ。その(たまご)(あん)(こく)(かい)(いち)()()として()られている。
        Ankokukai no nushi to shite osorerarete iru kyodai na shake. Sono tamago wa Ankokukaiichi no bimi to shiteshirarete iru.
        A giant salmon worst feared in the Dark Sea. Its roe is best known as the ultimate delicacy of the Dark World.
    2. the beginning or start of something (compare the uses of English terms kernel and seed)
    3. a beginner or rookie at something
      • 1988 July 30 [Jul 25 1985], Fujiko F. Fujio, “(やま)(でら)グラフィティ [Mountain Temple Graffiti]”, in 宇宙船製造法 [How to Build a Spaceship] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 3), volume 3 (fiction), 6th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 106:
        ぼく、()(とう)(ひろ)(やす)。イラストレーターの(たまご)
        Boku, Katō Hiroyasu. Irasutorētā no tamago.
        My name’s Katō Hiroyasu. I’m a rookie illustrator.
    Usage notesEdit

    This term in Japanese is nearly as broad in use as English egg, indicating an egg as laid by various oviparous organisms, and an egg as used in cooking. For the more specific biological sense of ovum, see 卵子 (ranshi).

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    らん
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC luɑnX).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (らん) (ran

    1. an ovum

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (al ran), South Korea (al nan))

    1. Hanja form? of / (ovum).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (noãn)

    1. Hán tự form of noãn (botanical ovule).

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かいく゚, romaji kaingu)

    1. egg