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U+5375, 卵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5375

[U+5374]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5376]
U+F91C, 卵
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F91C

[U+F91B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F91D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 26 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹尸中戈 (HHSLI), four-corner 77720, composition𠂑)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 159, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2857
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 313, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5375

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ
*kroːn
*kroːn
*ɡ·ron

Pictogram (象形) – spawn, egg.

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-row (egg, nit). Cognate with Tibetan སྲོ་མ (sro ma, egg of a louse, nit, small bubble).

(OC *kuːn) may represent a doublet resulting from prefix preemption. Compare its variant 𡖉.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâung - colloquial;
  • luāng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nūi - vernacular;
  • loán - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (62) (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑnX/ /luɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwanX/ /lwaX/
Li
Rong
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Wang
Li
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luǎn luǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luǎn luǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwaX › ‹ lwanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤorʔ/ (dialect: *-r > *-j) /*k.rˤorʔ/
English egg egg

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8639 8643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·roːlʔ/ /*ɡ·roːnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. egg; ovum; roe; spawn
  2. (entomology) fertilised egg
  3. (regional) testicles

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡳞.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𡳞.)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. an egg

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たまご
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
   

From (tama, ball) +‎ (ko, child, small thing). The ko reading for changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たまご, rōmaji tamago)

  1. an egg
    • 2000 July 13, “ドラゴン・エッガー [Dragon Egger]”, in Pharaoh’s Servant -ファラオのしもべ- (in Japanese), Konami:
       (たまご)のカラをかぶっているドラゴン。 () (ども) () (ちが)えると (いた) ()にあうぞ!
      Tamago no kara o kabutteiru doragon. Kodomo to machigaeru to itaime ni au zo!
      A dragon who shelters in an eggshell. Never mistake him for a literal baby!
Usage notesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
らん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (lwanX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana らん, rōmaji ran)

  1. an ovum

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ran>nan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer: ran, nan, Yale: lan, nan)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: al, McCune-Reischauer: al, Yale: al)
  1. ovum

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(noãn)

  1. ovum