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See also:
U+5384, 厄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5384

[U+5383]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5385]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 27, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一尸山 (MSU), four-corner 71212, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qreːɡs, *qreːɡ
*qreːɡs, *qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
*qreːɡ
Etymology 1 and 3
See .
Etymology 2
Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (joint).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

𠂬

Probably related to (OC *qleɡ, “throat”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • eh - vernacular;
  • iak/ek - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /ɤ⁴⁴/
    /nɤ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /nɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /ŋə⁴²/
    Qingdao /ɣə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɛ⁵³/
    Xi'an /ŋɤ²¹/
    Xining /ȵi⁴⁴/
    /nɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ə¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /kɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ŋɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ŋe³¹/
    Guiyang /ŋɛ²¹/
    Kunming /ə³¹/
    Nanjing /əʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʐɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɣaʔ²/
    Pingyao
    Hohhot /ŋaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ŋəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ʔɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /a²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /ŋə/
    Xiangtan /ŋæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /ak̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ɑk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ak̚⁵/
    Nanning /ŋɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ak̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ik̚³²/
    /eʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /aiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /æk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    e
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    è
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˤ<r>[i]k/
    English part of a yoke

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2707
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qreːɡ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. adversity; difficulty; distress
    2. Alternative form of (è, “yoke”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 科厄.

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.

    From .

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Teochew) difficult
      Synonyms: (nán)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. unlucky
    2. misfortune
    3. bad luck
    4. disaster

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana やく, rōmaji yaku)

    1. bad luck, evil

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune–Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ách)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.