Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 27 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一尸山 (MSU), four-corner 71212, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɤ⁴⁴/
/nɤ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /nɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ŋə⁴²/
Qingdao /ɣə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /ŋɤ²¹/
Xining /ȵi⁴⁴/
/nɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ə¹³/
Lanzhou /ɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ŋɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /ŋe³¹/
Guiyang /ŋɛ²¹/
Kunming /ə³¹/
Nanjing /əʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣaʔ²/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ŋaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ŋəʔ¹/
Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ʔɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /a²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ŋə/
Xiangtan /ŋæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ak̚¹/
Taoyuan /ɑk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ak̚⁵/
Nanning /ŋɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ak̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ik̚³²/
/eʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /aiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /eʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋɔk̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣɛk̚/ /ʔæk̚/ /ʔɛk̚/ /ʔɯæk̚/ /ʔəɨjk̚/ /æk̚/ /ʔɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
è ‹ ʔɛk › /*qˤ<r>[i]k/ part of a yoke

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2707 0 /*qreːɡ/ 同戹

DefinitionsEdit

  1. adversity, difficulty, distress

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. unlucky
  2. misfortune
  3. bad luck
  4. disaster

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana やく, romaji yaku)

  1. bad luck, evil

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune-Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ách)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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