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U+53D4, 叔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53D4

[U+53D3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53D5]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 29, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜火水 (YFE), four-corner 27940, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 376, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 396, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53D4

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsliw
*ʔsliw
*l'ɯːwɢ, *ʔslɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*nɯːwɢ
*sʰlɯːwɢ
*sʰlɯːwɢ
*sʰlɯːwɢ
*sʰlɯːwɢ
*sʰlɯːwɢ
*zlɯːwɢ
*ʔsluːb
*sʰlɯːɡ
*srɯːɡ, *ʔslɯwɢ, *srɯwɢ
*ʔl'uːwɢ
*ʔl'uːwɢ
*ʔl'uːwɢ, *sluːwɢ
*ʔslɯːwɢ
*ʔslɯwɢ
*ʔslɯwɢ
*ʔslɯwɢ, *ʔsrɯwɢ
*ʔslɯwɢ
*l̥ʰɯwɢ
*ʔljɯwɢ, *l̥ʰjɯwɢ
*l̥ʰjɯwɢ
*l̥ʰjɯwɢ
*ɦljɯwɢ
*ɦljɯwɢ
*hljɯwɢ
*hljɯwɢ
*hljɯwɢ
*hljɯwɢ
*hljɯwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯwɢ): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *hljɯwɢ) – a hand husking peas.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chek/chiak/cheh - vernacular;
  • siok - literary.
Note: sog4 - “third brother”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shū shū
Middle
Chinese
‹ syuwk › ‹ syuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tiwk/ /*s-tiwk/
English gather, harvest 3rd of 4 brothers

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11759
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯwɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. father's younger brother: uncle
  2. husband's younger brother
  3. third brother
  4. Alternative form of (shū).
  5. category
  6. Alternative form of (shū).
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to pick up”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. uncle
  2. youth

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(suk) (hangeul , revised suk, McCune–Reischauer suk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thúc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.