See also:
U+53E2, 叢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53E2

[U+53E1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53E3]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 29, +16, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿金廿水 (TCTE), four-corner 32147, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 167, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3220
  • Dae Jaweon: page 379, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 402, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53E2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

variant and Min Nan vernacular

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloːŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *C-tsəw-k/ŋ (to collect; to gather; to assemble). Cognate with (OC *zloʔ, *zlos, “to collect; to store”), (OC *zoːɡ, “clan”), (OC *zloːds, “to collect; most”), (OC *ʔsoːŋ, “sheaf; bundle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chông - literary;
  • châng - vernacular (classifier for trees).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cung4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*dzˁoŋ/
English collect; thicket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10668
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to collect; to gather; to assemble; to crowd together
  2. bush; shrub; thicket; grove
  3. collection; crowd
  4. (Min Bei, Min Nan) Classifier for plants.
    / [Hokkien]  ―  chi̍t châng chhiū [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  a tree
  5. (Hokkien) Classifier for long objects.
  6. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(くさむら) (kusamura

  1. clump of bushes, thicket

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (chong))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: tòng, tùng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.