See also: 𠮷, , , , , , and
U+5409, 吉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5409

[U+5408]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+540A]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土口 (GR), four-corner 40601, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 175, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3289
  • Dae Jaweon: page 389, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5409

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠮷

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-kjit (happy; pleased) (STEDT). Also compare Tibetan སྐྱིད་པ (skyid pa, to be happy) (Schuessler, 2007).

Cantonese sense of “empty” arises from avoidance of (hung1), which is homophonous to (hung1, “inauspicious”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • kiat - vernacular;
    • kit - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕi²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕi⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
    /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐt̚⁵/
    Nanning /kɐt̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɐt̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kit̚³²/
    /kiat̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kit̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ji
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qi[t]/ (*C.q- > *k-, escaping palatalization)
    English auspicious

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5692
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klid/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. auspicious; lucky
    2. good
    3. (Cantonese, euphemistic) empty
    4. Short for 吉林 (Jílín, “Jilin Province”).
    5. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (きち) or (きつ) (kichi or kitsu

    1. good luck

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 길할 (gilhal gil))

    1. Hanja form? of (luck).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cát, kiết

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville