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U+5411, 向
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5411

[U+5410]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5412]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月口 (HBR), four-corner 27220, composition丿)

Derived glyphsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 176, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3301
  • Dae Jaweon: page 393, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 579, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5411

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hljaŋʔ
*hljaŋs
*hljaŋs, *hlaŋs
*hljaŋs, *hlaŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (house) +  (window).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hiòng/hiàng - literary;
  • hiàⁿ/ǹg/àⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋ-s/
English window facing North; turn towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13660
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlaŋs/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to face
  2. to side with; to favour; to discriminate in favour of
  3. to admire; to revere
  4. to approach; to advance towards
  5. direction
  6. (figuratively) direction; tendency; trend
  7. towards; to
  8. formerly; previously
  9. always; throughout
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13658
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋs/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. an ancient state in modern Shandong
  2. name of two places in modern Henan
  3. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. yonder
  2. facing

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana むかい, rōmaji Mukai, historical hiragana むかひ)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.