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See also:
U+5426, 否
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5426

[U+5425]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5427]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一火口 (MFR), four-corner 10609, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 178, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 395, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 586, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5426

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰlɯː, *pʰɯ, *pʰlɯː
*pʰɯːʔ
*prɯʔ
*prɯʔ, *brɯʔ, *pɯʔ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ, *pʰrɯʔ, *pʰɯ, *pʰɯʔ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ, *brɯ
*pʰrɯ, *brɯ
*pʰrɯʔ
*brɯ
*brɯ
*brɯʔ, *pɯʔ
*bɯ, *pʰlɯː
*pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ'
*pɯ, *pʰɯ, *pʰɯʔ
*pɯ, *pɯʔ
*pʰɯ, *pʰlɯː
*bɯ
*bɯ
*plɯː
*plɯː
*pɯː
*pʰɯː
*pʰɯː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *brɯʔ, *pɯʔ): phonetic  (OC *pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ') + semantic .

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fou²¹⁴/
Harbin /fau²¹³/
/fou²¹³/
Tianjin /fou¹³/
Jinan /fɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /fɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fu⁵³/
Xi'an /fu⁵³/
Xining /fv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /fu⁵³/
Lanzhou /fu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
Wuhan /fəu⁴²/
Chengdu /fo⁵³/
/fəu⁵³/
Guiyang /fu⁴²/
Kunming /fəu⁵³/
Nanjing /fəi²¹²/
Hefei /fʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /fu⁵³/
Pingyao
Hohhot /fu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /fɤ³⁵/
Suzhou /fɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /fei⁵³/
Wenzhou /fɜ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /fo³⁵/
Tunxi /fo³¹/
Xiang Changsha /xəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɸəɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /fɛu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /feu³¹/
Taoyuan /feu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐu³⁵/
Nanning /fɐu³⁵/
Hong Kong /fɐu³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰeu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰe²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hõu⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fɔu²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puwX/
Li
Rong
/piuX/
Wang
Li
/pĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pəʔ/
English not

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1028
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. nay; no; negative
  2. not
  3. final interrogative particle

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • phí - literary;
  • pháiⁿ/phái - vernacular (usually written as ).
Note:
  • pi2 - literary;
  • pai2 - vernacular (usually written as ).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fou²¹⁴/
    Harbin /fau²¹³/
    /fou²¹³/
    Tianjin /fou¹³/
    Jinan /fɔ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /fɔ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fu⁵³/
    Xi'an /fu⁵³/
    Xining /fv̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /fu⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fu⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fəu⁴²/
    Chengdu /fo⁵³/
    /fəu⁵³/
    Guiyang /fu⁴²/
    Kunming /fəu⁵³/
    Nanjing /fəi²¹²/
    Hefei /fʊ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /fu⁵³/
    Pingyao
    Hohhot /fu⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /fɤ³⁵/
    Suzhou /fɤ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /fei⁵³/
    Wenzhou /fɜ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /fo³⁵/
    Tunxi /fo³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /xəu⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɸəɯ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /fɛu²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /feu³¹/
    Taoyuan /feu¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐu³⁵/
    Nanning /fɐu³⁵/
    Hong Kong /fɐu³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰeu³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰe²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hõu⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fɔu²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /bjiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /biX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1022
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*brɯʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to block; to obstruct
    2. to denounce; to censure
    3. to become extinct
    4. poverty-stricken; poor
    5. evil; vile
    6. Alternative form of (, “superficial; shallow”).
    7. Alternative form of (, “lump in the abdomen”).
    8. 12th hexagram of the I Ching

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    InterjectionEdit

    (hiragana いな, rōmaji ina, alternative reading いいえ, rōmaji īe, alternative reading いえ, rōmaji ie, alternative reading いいや, rōmaji īya, alternative reading いや, rōmaji iya)

    1. no
      • 2011, Barack Obama, 中東と北アフリカに関するバラク・オバマの演説:
        結局 (けっきょく) (こう) (どう)するか (いな)かはイスラエル (じん)とパレスティナ人次第 (じんしだい)である。
        Kekkyoku, kōdō suru ka ina ka wa isuraeru-jin to paresutina-jin shidai de aru.
        Now, ultimately, it is up to the Israelis and Palestinians to take action.

    Usage notesEdit

    The kanji spelling in the "no" sense is rarely encountered in modern Japanese. It is more commonly written as いいえ.


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (bu, bi) (hangeul , , revised bu, bi, McCune–Reischauer pu, pi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (, phủ, phầu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999