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U+5438, 吸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5438

[U+5437]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5439]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口弓竹水 (RNHE), four-corner 67047, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 179, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 397, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 594, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5438

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰrɯb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯb) – to inhale through the mouth. Note that 及 originally derives from “grab”, hence connotations of “grab through the mouth, inhale”.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hip - literary;
  • khip - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕi⁵³/
    Tianjin /ɕi⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕi²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ɕi²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
    Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕi³¹/
    /ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
    /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/ 呼~
    /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/ 水~了
    Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ɕai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐp̚⁵/
    Nanning /kʰɐp̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰɐp̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hip̚³²/
    /kʰip̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰip̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (142)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠiɪp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hᵚip̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiep̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hjip̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /xjəp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭĕp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯əp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xi
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xip ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰ(r)əp/
    English inhale

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5667
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰrɯb/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to suck (in)
      塵器 / 尘器  ―  chénqì  ―  vacuum cleaner
    2. to smoke
      /   ―  yān  ―  to smoke cigarettes
      大麻  ―  dàmá  ―  to smoke marijuana
    3. to absorb
      油紙 / 油纸  ―  yóuzhǐ  ―  facial oil blotting paper

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (heup) (hangeul )

    1. inhale, suck in
    2. absorb
    3. attract

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cộp, cạp, hấp, hớp, húp, hút)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.