Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic  – to inhale through the mouth. Note that 及 originally derives from “grab”, hence connotations of “grab through the mouth, inhale”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +4 in Chinese, 口+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 7 strokes, in Japanese 6 strokes, cangjie input 口弓竹水 (RNHE), four-corner 67047, composition)

  1. inhale, suck in
  2. absorb
  3. attract

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 179, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 397, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 594, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5438

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi³¹/
/ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
/ɕi²¹/
Kunming /ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/ 呼~
/t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/ 水~了
Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐp̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰɐp̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰɐp̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hip̚³²/
/kʰip̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰip̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hiɪp̚/ /xi̯əp̚/ /xiəp̚/ /hip̚/ /hip̚/ /xĭĕp̚/ /xjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ xip › /*qʰ(r)əp/ inhale

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5667 1 /*qʰrɯb/

VerbEdit

  1. to suck (in)
    塵器 / 尘器  ―  chénqì  ―  vacuum cleaner
    1. to smoke
      /   ―  yān  ―  to smoke cigarettes
      大麻  ―  dàmá  ―  to smoke marijuana
  2. to absorb
    油紙 / 油纸  ―  yóuzhǐ  ―  facial oil blotting paper

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heup) (hangeul , revised heup, McCune-Reischauer hŭp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hấp, cộp, cạp, hớp, húp, hút)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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