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U+5438, 吸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5438

[U+5437]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5439]
吸 U+2F83D, 吸
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F83D
咞
[U+2F83C]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 呈
[U+2F83E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口弓竹水 (RNHE), four-corner 67047, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 179, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 397, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 594, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5438

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰrɯb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯb) – to inhale through the mouth. Note that 及 originally derives from “grab”, hence connotations of “grab through the mouth, inhale”.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hip - literary;
  • khip - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕi⁵³/
    Tianjin /ɕi⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕi²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ɕi²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
    Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕi³¹/
    /ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
    /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/ 呼~
    /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/ 水~了
    Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ɕai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰip̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰip̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐp̚⁵/
    Nanning /kʰɐp̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰɐp̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hip̚³²/
    /kʰip̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰip̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (142)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠiɪp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hᵚip̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiep̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hjip̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /xjəp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭĕp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯əp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xip ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰ(r)əp/
    English inhale

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5667
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰrɯb/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to suck (in)
      塵器 / 尘器  ―  chénqì  ―  vacuum cleaner
    2. to smoke
      /   ―  yān  ―  to smoke cigarettes
      大麻  ―  dàmá  ―  to smoke marijuana
    3. to absorb
      油紙 / 油纸  ―  yóuzhǐ  ―  facial oil blotting paper

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. suck
    2. imbibe
    3. inhale
    4. sip

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 마실 (masil heup))

    1. Hanja form? of (to drink, suck in, to inhale, to attract).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cộp, cạp, hấp, hớp, húp, hút)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.