See also: and
U+544A, 告
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-544A

[U+5449]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+544B]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹土口 (HGR), four-corner 24601, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 181, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3381
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 589, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+544A

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Etymology 1Edit

trad. /
simp.

Cognate with Thai กล่าว (glàao, to say; to declare) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: go3 - “to sue”.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /kau⁵³/
Tianjin /kɑu⁵³/
Jinan /kɔ²¹/
Qingdao /kɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kau³¹²/
Xi'an /kau⁴⁴/
Xining /kɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /kɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /kɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /kau³⁵/
Chengdu /kau¹³/
Guiyang /kao²¹³/
Kunming /kɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /kɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /kɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /kɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /kæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kɜ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kɑu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kau⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kou³³/
Nanning /ku³³/
Hong Kong /kou³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ko²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kau²¹³/
/ko²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kau³⁵/
/ko³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kawH/
Li
Rong
/kɑuH/
Wang
Li
/kɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁuk-s/
English announce, inform

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3805
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːɡs/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to report to
  2. to tell; to inform
  3. to request
  4. to announce; to declare
  5. to expose; to denounce
  6. to accuse; to sue; to file a lawsuit; to press charges
  7. (Min Dong) to call

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (6)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kawk̚/
Li
Rong
/kok̚/
Wang
Li
/kuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁuk/
English announce, inform

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 忠告 (zhōnggào).

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (6)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kawk̚/
Li
Rong
/kok̚/
Wang
Li
/kuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁuk/
English announce, inform

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 告朔.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad. /
simp.
alternative forms

From (MC kˠauH, “to check; to compare”) (Yang, 2010).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Southwestern Mandarin) to try; to check out

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) to interrogate and convict

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tell, inform
  2. revelation

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 알릴 (allil go))

  1. Hanja form? of (report).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 청할 (cheonghal gok))

  1. (obsolete) Hanja form? of (asking).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cáo, cáu, cốc, kiếu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.