See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 口一弓口 (RMNR), four-corner 61020, composition)

  1. scold
  2. laughing sound
  3. yawn

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 183, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 402, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 598, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5475

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɑ/ /xɑ/ /xɑ/ /hɑ/ /ha/ /xɑ/ /xɑ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɑH/ /xɑH/ /xɑH/ /hɑH/ /haH/ /xɑH/ /xɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ xa › /*qʰˤaj/ scold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7453 1 /*qʰaːl/ 同訶,又集韻笑、氣出,今字作哈
7456 1 /*qʰaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ha, , hả, , khá, khà)

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