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U+5475, 呵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5475

[U+5474]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5476]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 口一弓口 (RMNR), four-corner 61020, composition)

  1. scold
  2. laughing sound
  3. yawn

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 183, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 402, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 598, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5475

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːlʔ
*kaːl
*kaːl, *ɡaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
*kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːl
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
*qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːls
*qaːl
*qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl, *kʰraːls
*qaːl
娿 *qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl
*kʰraːlʔ
*qʰraːlʔ

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ha/
Li
Rong
/xɑ/
Wang
Li
/xɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xa ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˤaj/
English scold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7456
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaːls/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to berate
  2. to shout
  3. sound of laugh
  4. interjection to express surprise
  5. to breathe

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haH/
Li
Rong
/xɑH/
Wang
Li
/xɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7453
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaːl/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to expel breath
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. used for transcription

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to cheat

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. scold, disapprove

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ha, , hả, , khá, khà)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.