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U+54B3, 咳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B3

[U+54B2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口卜女人 (RYVO), four-corner 60082, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 187, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3555
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 622, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+54B3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • kai - literary;
  • ka - vernacular.

BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˁək-s/
English cough

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to cough
    辛苦 [Cantonese]  ―  kat1 dou3 hou2 san1 fu2 [Jyutping]  ―  painfully cough
  2. cough
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 咳嗽 (“to cough”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咳嗽
Mandarin Beijing 咳嗽
Taiwan 咳嗽
Harbin 咳嗽
Shenyang 咳嗽
Hailar 咳嗽
Ulan Hot 咳嗽
Tongliao 咳嗽
Chifeng 咳嗽
Bayanhot 咳嗽
Jinan 咳嗽
Muping 咳嗽
Luoyang 咳嗽
Jiedian 咳嗽
Xi'an 咳嗽
Zhengzhou 咳嗽
Xining 咳嗽
Xuzhou 咳嗽
Yinchuan 咳嗽
Lanzhou 咳嗽
Ürümqi 咳嗽
Wuhan
Huanggang
Chengdu 咳嗽
Guiyang 咳嗽
Liuzhou 咳嗽
Kunming 咳嗽
Yangzhou 咳嗽
Nanjing 咳嗽
Hefei 咳嗽
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou) 咳嗽
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan 咳嗽
Yunfu 咳瘕
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 咳嗽
Hakka Meixian 咳嗽
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 咳嗽
Liudui (S. Sixian) 咳嗽
Hsinchu (Hailu) 咳嗽
Dongshi (Dabu) 咳嗽
Zhuolan (Raoping) 咳嗽
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 咳嗽
Hong Kong
Senai
Huizhou Jixi 咳嗽
Jin Taiyuan 咳嗽
Xinzhou 咳嗽
Baochang 咳嗽
Jining 咳嗽
Hohhot 咳嗽
Baotou 咳嗽
Dongsheng 咳嗽
Linhe 咳嗽
Haibowan 咳嗽
Min Bei Jian'ou 咳嗽
Min Dong Fuzhou 空嗽
Changle 空嗽
Fuqing
Yongtai 空嗽
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen 咁嗽咳嗽
Quanzhou 咁嗽
Zhangzhou 咁嗽咳嗽
Yilan 咳嗽
Penang 咳嗽峇啅
Chaozhou 咳嗽
Johor Bahru 咳嗽
Haikou 咳嗽
Leizhou 咳嗽
Puxian Min Putian 瘕咆
Xianyou 瘕咆
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 咳嗽
Suzhou 咳嗽
Wuxi 咳嗽
Hangzhou 咳嗽
Wenzhou 咳嗽
Chongming 咳嗽
Danyang 咳嗽
Jinhua 咳嗽
Tangxi
Ningbo 咳嗽
Xiang Changsha 咳嗽
Shuangfeng 𠻞
Loudi 𠻞

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. sound of sighing

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəj/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀi/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hái
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4825
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of infant) to laugh; to cackle
  2. Alternative form of (hái, “child; infant”).
  3. interjection for sighing or order
  4. Alternative form of (, “to be cut off from”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana せき, rōmaji seki)

  1. a cough
     (せき) ()
    seki ga deru
    I have a cough.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hae) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cay, hãy, hỡi, khái, gay, gây)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit