TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic  – connected to the mouth, the throat.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口田大 (RWK), four-corner 66000, composition)

  1. throat
  2. pharynx

SynonymsEdit

  • (throat):

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 188, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3577
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 616, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54BD

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (咽), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏前切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔen/ /ʔien/ /ʔen/ /ʔen/ /ʔɛn/ /ien/ /ʔɛn/
Character (咽), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於甸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔenH/ /ʔienH/ /ʔenH/ /ʔenH/ /ʔɛnH/ /ienH/ /ʔɛnH/
Character (咽), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 屑
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏結切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔet̚/ /ʔiet̚/ /ʔet̚/ /ʔet̚/ /ʔɛt̚/ /iet̚/ /ʔɛt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yān ‹ ʔen › /*ʔˤi[n]/ gullet
yàn ‹ ʔenH › /*ʔˤi[n]-s/ swallow (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15172 1 /*qiːn/
15173 1 /*qiːns/ 同嚥
15187 1 /*qiːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(in, yeol) (hangeul , , revised in, yeol, McCune-Reischauer in, yŏl)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(yết, nhằn, ịt, nhiết, yến)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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