Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔslɯː): semantic  + phonetic 𢦔

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十戈口 (JIR), four-corner 43650, composition𢦏)

  1. final exclamatory particle

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3596
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 611, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+54C9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səj/
Li
Rong
/t͡sᴀi/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zāi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zāi zāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsoj › ‹ tsoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤə/ /*[ts]ˤə/
English begin (particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tai, tơi)

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