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U+54C9, 哉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C9

[U+54C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十戈口 (JIR), four-corner 43650, composition𢦏)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3596
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 611, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+54C9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series (𢦏) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
𢦏 *ʔslɯː
*ʔslɯː, *zlɯːs
*ʔslɯː
*ʔslɯː
*ʔslɯːʔ, *ʔslɯːs, *zlɯːs
*ʔsɯː
*ʔsɯː, *sʰɯː
*zɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*l'ɯːs, *zlɯːs
*sʰles, *sʰɯs
*ʔsrɯs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔslɯː): semantic  + phonetic 𢦏 (OC *ʔslɯː).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səj/
Li
Rong
/t͡sᴀi/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zāi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zāi zāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsoj › ‹ tsoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤə/ /*[ts]ˤə/
English begin (particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (chiefly Classical Chinese) An exclamatory particle.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Only used in 佳哉.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tai, tơi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.