Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 𢦔

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十戈口 (JIR), four-corner 43650, composition𢦏)

  1. final exclamatory particle

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3596
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 611, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+54C9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʌi/ /t͡sɑ̆i/ /t͡sᴀi/ /t͡səi/ /t͡səj/ /t͡sɒi/ /t͡sɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zāi ‹ tsoj › /*[ts]ˤə/ begin
zāi ‹ tsoj › /*[ts]ˤə/ (particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16490 0 /*ʔslɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tai, tơi)

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