See also:
U+54C9, 哉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C9

[U+54C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54CA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十戈口 (JIR), four-corner 43650, composition𢦏)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3596
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 611, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+54C9

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn
Bronze inscriptions
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔslɯː): semantic + phonetic 𢦏 (OC *ʔslɯː).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səj/
Li
Rong
/t͡sᴀi/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zāi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zāi zāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsoj › ‹ tsoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁə/ /*[ts]ˁə/
English begin (particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. grammatical particle indicating emphasis
    1. sentence-medial particle indicating inverted construction for the emphasis of the predicate
      [Classical Chinese]  ―  zāi sī yán! [Pinyin]  ―  How great, these words!
    2. sentence-final particle indicating exclamation, emphasis, or strong intention
See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Wu) Used after a verb to indicate perfective aspect (action completion) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) Only used in 佳哉.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
さい
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʌi).

AffixEdit

(さい) (sai

  1. expression of exclamation or excitement
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かな
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
かな
[particle] expresses wonder or postulation on the part of the speaker: I wonder, maybe
[particle] expresses a question with a feeling of worry
[particle] expresses skepticism: really?, is it?
[particle] (in the form ~ないかな (...nai ka na)) expresses affirmation: I hope, I wish
[particle] expresses confusion
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (jae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: tai, tơi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.