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See also:
U+54E1, 員
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54E1

[U+54E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54E2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口月山金 (RBUC), four-corner 60806, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 628, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54E1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𪔅

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢon, *ɢun
*ɢon
*qʰon
*sqʰuːnʔ
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*qʰun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun, *ɢuns
*ɢʷɯns

Ideogrammic compound (會意): a indicating the top edge of a (“ding”) - round.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • îⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân, goân - literary.
Note:
  • uêng5 - Chaozhou;
  • uang5 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷ<r>en/
    English circle; round

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16199
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢon/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. member
    2. personnel; staff member
    3. Original form of (yuán, “circle; round”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦun/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yún
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
    English (a particle)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16215
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢun/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. A surname​.

    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (won) (hangeul )

    1. person, personnel, employee, member

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (viên, von)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.