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See also:
U+55AA, 喪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55AA

[U+55A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55AB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土口口女 (GRRV), four-corner 40732)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 200, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3985
  • Dae Jaweon: page 421, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 650, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+55AA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  (cry) + phonetic .

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • song - literary;
  • sng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/saŋ/
Li
Rong
/sɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/sɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sang ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-mˤaŋ/
English mourning, burial

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12661
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smaːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mourning; funeral ceremony
  2. corpse; dead body
  3. misfortune; misadventure
  4. to mourn; to be in mourning
  5. to grieve over the death of

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/saŋH/
Li
Rong
/sɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/sɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-mˤaŋ-s/
English lose; destroy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12660
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smaːŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to forfeit; to lose; to be deprived of
  2. to die; to pass away
  3. to be defeated; to be destroyed; to perish
  4. to escape; to flee
  5. to forget; to fail to remember
  6. to be discouraged; to lose heart

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tang, táng, tảng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.