See also: and
U+5606, 嘆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5606

[U+5605]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5607]
Ufa37.svg
U+FA37, 嘆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA37

[U+FA36]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA38]
嘆 U+2F84C, 嘆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F84C
圖
[U+2F84B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 圗
[U+2F84D]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

  • In Traditional Chinese, Japanese kyūjitai, Korean hanja and Vietnamese Hán Nôm, the component   for this character is written with 廿 on top. Note that the bottom portion is written overlapped by and not on top of .
  • In Japanese shinjitai, the component   is written with on top and has one stroke less. Due to Han unification, both traditional Chinese and Japanese shinjitai forms are encoded under the same code point. The appearance of this character will differ depending on the font used.
  • In Simplified Chinese, the component   is simplified to instead, giving the character (U+53F9).
  • Two compatibility ideographs exist for this character. U+FA37 corresponds to the kyūjitai form of this character while U+2F84C is an alternative form used in Taiwan and North Korea which is similar to Japanese shinjitai but the top right component is written (4 strokes) instead of (3 strokes).

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +11 in Chinese, 口+10 in Japanese, 14 strokes in Chinese, 13 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 口廿中人 (RTLO) or 口廿日人 (RTAO), four-corner 64034, composition廿⿻口(GHTKV or U+FA37) or ⿰𦰩(J or U+2F84C))

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 205, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 427, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 673, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5606

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp. *
alternative forms 𡂥

Glyph originEdit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tam3 - Chaozhou;
  • tang3 - Shantou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (6)
Final () (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰan/ /tʰanH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tān tàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
taan1 taan3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ thanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ˁar-s/
English sigh

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4890 4895
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰaːn/ /*n̥ʰaːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or in compounds) to sigh
  2. (literary or in compounds) to chant
  3. (literary or in compounds) to praise; to exclaim in admiration
  4. (grammar) Short for 嘆詞叹词 (tàncí, “interjection”).
  5. (Cantonese) to enjoy

Usage notesEdit

is considered a variant form of in Hong Kong.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to sigh):
  • (to chant):
  • (to praise):

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. to sigh
  2. to lament
  3. to moan
  4. to grieve

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: S
on’yomi
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC tʰɑn, tʰɑnH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(たん) (tan

  1. sigh

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 탄식할 (tansikhal tan))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (sigh).)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: thán ((tha)(án)(thiết))[1][2][3][4], than[4]
: Nôm readings: than[1][2][3][5][4][6], han[1][2][3][4][7][6], thán[2][5][6], thăn[5][6], hớn[1], hen[3], thơn[3]

  1. Nôm form of than (to complain).

ReferencesEdit