See also:
U+5634, 嘴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5634

[U+5633]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5635]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口卜心月 (RYPB), four-corner 61027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 207, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4256
  • Dae Jaweon: page 430, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 689, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5634

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
See notes at .

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔseʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ).

EtymologyEdit

Related to (OC *ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ, “horn-like hair on the owl-head; beak of a bird; mouth”).

Further etymology is unknown. Schuessler (2007) relates it to Tibetan མཚུལ་པ (mtshul pa, lower part of the face; muzzle; beak), which is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-ts(j)ul (lip; beak) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zoi4 - vernacular;
  • zui3 - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note: substitute for .
    Note:
    • chhùi - vernacular (substitute for );
    • chúi - literary.
    Note: substitute for .

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡suei²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡suei²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡suei¹³/
    Jinan /t͡suei⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /t͡sue⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡suei⁵³/
    Xi'an /t͡suei⁵³/
    Xining /t͡suɨ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡suei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡suei⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡suei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sei⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡suei⁵³/
    Guiyang /t͡suei⁴²/
    Kunming /t͡suei⁵³/
    Nanjing /t͡suəi²¹²/
    Hefei /t͡se²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suei⁵³/
    Pingyao /t͡suei⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡suei⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷei⁵³/
    Wenzhou /t͡sz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕye³⁵/
    /t͡ɕy³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡se³¹/
    /t͡si³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sei⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /t͡səi⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sui²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡soi⁵³/
    /t͡sui³¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sui³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy³⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sui³⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡søy³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui²¹³/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/ 訓喙

    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1720
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔseʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. beak
    2. (anatomy) mouth, especially the part of the face associated with the mouth (Classifier: m)
      See also:
    3. (figuratively) mouth-like object; beak, nozzle, spout (of teapot, etc.)
    4. (figuratively) food
    5. (Cantonese) to kiss

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. beak; bill

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    くちばし
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi
     くちばし on Japanese Wikipedia

    From (kuchi, mouth) +‎ (hashi, tip; edge). The kanji is composed of (kuchi) and (hashi, beak; bill). See also #Etymology 2.

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (くちばし) (kuchibashi

    1. (anatomy) a beak; a bill
      • 1999 March 1, “スピック [Spick]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
        くちばしがとても(おお)きく、(おお)(ごえ)()()(よわ)(あい)()(おどろ)かせる。
        Kuchibashi ga totemo ōkiku, ōgoe de naki kinoyowai aite o odorokaseru.
        It frightens faint-hearted opponents with its blaring wails and massive bill.
      • 1999 March 1, “ディッグ・ビーク [Dig Beak]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
        ヘビのように(なが)(からだ)をまるめ、(かい)(てん)しながらくちばし(こう)(げき)
        Hebi no yō ni nagai karada o marume, kaiten shi nagara kuchibashi de kōgeki.
        It attacks with its beak as its long body coils like a snake.
      • 1999 October 17, “くちばしヘビ [Beaked Snake]”, in BOOSTER 5, Konami:
        (あい)()(なが)(からだ)()()げ、(おお)きなくちばしでつついて(こう)(げき)
        Aite o nagai karada de shimeage, ōkina kuchibashi de tsutsuite kōgeki.
        It attacks by pecking at its opponent with its huge beak while constricting them with its long body.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はし
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    From (hashi, tip; edge)

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (はし) (hashi

    1. (anatomy) a beak; a bill

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (chwi))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: chủy/chuỷ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.