嚴肅

ChineseEdit

 
(air or water) tight; stern; serious; strict; severe
Gansu; respectful
trad. (嚴肅)
simp. (严肃)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (31) (16)
Final () (145) (4)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie 𩏩
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐm/ /sɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐm/ /siuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐm/ /siuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨam/ /suwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐm/ /siuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐm/ /sĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐm/ /si̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán su
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjæm › ‹ sjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)am/ /*siwk/
English stern, majestic solemn, severe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3692 12125
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋam/ /*sɯwɢ/

AdjectiveEdit

嚴肅

  1. serious
  2. solemn
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