U+574E, 坎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-574E

[U+574D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+574F]
See also:

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 32, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土弓人 (GNO), four-corner 47182, composition )

Derived characters

edit

Further reading

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 225, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4928
  • Dae Jaweon: page 460, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 425, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+574E

Chinese

edit
simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kʰoːmʔ, *kʰoːms) : semantic (earth; soil) + phonetic (OC *kʰoms).

Pronunciation

edit

Note: ham3 - in 赤坎.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter khomX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəmX/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀmX/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ham2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khomX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰˁomʔ/
English pit (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10269 10272
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoːmʔ/ /*kʰoːms/
Notes

Definitions

edit

  1. (literary) pit; hole
  2. bank or ridge between fields
      ―  tiánkǎn  ―  ridge between fields
  3. critical juncture (Classifier: m)
  4. 6th of the 8 trigrams ()
  5. 29th hexagram of the I Ching ()
  6. Short for 坎德拉 (kǎndélā).
  7. a surname

Compounds

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Proto-Tai: *C̬.kumᴬ

References

edit

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(Hyōgai kanji)

Readings

edit

Etymology

edit
Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgai
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC khomX).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(かん) (kan

  1. pit; hole; pitfall
  2. one of the eight trigrams:

References

edit
  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eum (gam))

  1. pit, hole
  2. snare, trap
  3. crisis

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Việt readings: khảm
: Nôm readings: khóm, khúm, khăm, khảm, khẳm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

edit